Snapper model number lookup
Free License Plate Number Lookup Tool & Information
2020.07.14 10:51 quizzjerve Free License Plate Number Lookup Tool & Information
2008.10.01 22:23 BMW
This sub-reddit is dedicated to everything related to BMW vehicles, tuning, racing, and more.
2023.06.01 23:25 lukaszluk 10 non-obvious things I learned from Andrej Karpathy's talk on GPT
| || | submitted by lukaszluk to ChatGPT [link] [comments]
The whole talk can be viewed here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bZQun8Y4L2A 1. The power of a model is not solely determined by the number of parameters.
Example: LLaMA, with fewer parameters than GPT-3 (65B vs 175B), is more powerful due to longer training, i.e. training on more tokens (300B vs 1.4T tokens). https://preview.redd.it/kgrejxjl4h3b1.png?width=680&format=png&auto=webp&s=cf0b33f4c0c16b6729f0e577e816d1c4d90d0e31 2. LLMs don't want to succeed, they want to imitate.
You want to succeed so you have to ask for a good performance. Here are a few examples of how you can do it:
https://preview.redd.it/vtu1xl8n4h3b1.png?width=680&format=png&auto=webp&s=c3ff075fc272084f69698afbe6507b6f6636fea5 3. LLMs know when they've made a mistake, but without prompting, they don't know to revisit and correct it. https://preview.redd.it/gk2cvo3o4h3b1.png?width=680&format=png&auto=webp&s=82e6fe301426bd625ce0e3d06c04788154a5b4dc 4. GPT doesn't reflect in the loop, sanity check anything, or correct its mistakes along the way.
https://preview.redd.it/j7hdae2p4h3b1.png?width=680&format=png&auto=webp&s=607bded0ad6a70c94f9377e6e2adbdb50f3f0c1c 5. If tasks require reasoning, it's better to spread out the reasoning across more tokens, as transformers need tokens to think.
https://preview.redd.it/0vkpyutp4h3b1.png?width=680&format=png&auto=webp&s=8391a4e6ba0cf3a0d3063004030aaf5f4e15daac 6. LLMs can be prompted to use tools like calculators and code interpreters.
But they need to be explicitly told to use them.
They don't know what they don't know!
https://preview.redd.it/tawrmkoq4h3b1.png?width=680&format=png&auto=webp&s=86d75cca935cad679f29e6ebaa527e7541ea2b14 7. Retrieval-augmented generation is a method where you provide the AI model with extra, relevant information related to the topic you're asking about (e.g. with search)
This is like giving the AI model a cheat sheet that it can refer to while answering your question.
https://preview.redd.it/s8o1ohor4h3b1.png?width=1200&format=png&auto=webp&s=2337d88071b5ecc2f91acfb166d70671fbe8fde1 8. To achieve top performance use:
- detailed prompts with lots of task content
- relevant information, and instructions
https://preview.redd.it/tjxa6fjs4h3b1.png?width=772&format=png&auto=webp&s=55904c11a6013cd3f5fef890ee441626cd1f5014 9. To achieve top performance experiment with:
- few-shot examples
- tools and plugins to offload tasks that are difficult for LLMs
- chain of prompts
- reflection 10. GPT-4 can generate inspiring and coherent responses to prompts.
It "inspired" the audience of Microsoft Build 2023 :)
Follow me on Twitter for more stuff like that! https://twitter.com/Olearningcurve
2023.06.01 23:22 lukaszluk 10 non-obvious things I learned from Andrej Karpathy's talk on GPT
| || | submitted by lukaszluk to ChatGPTPro [link] [comments]
The whole talk can be viewed here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bZQun8Y4L2A 1. The power of a model is not solely determined by the number of parameters.
Example: LLaMA, with fewer parameters than GPT-3 (65B vs 175B), is more powerful due to longer training, i.e. training on more tokens (300B vs 1.4T tokens).
https://preview.redd.it/oq8zbc9e3h3b1.png?width=680&format=png&auto=webp&s=232e9958b55de87daa34b6f5a33fadb24de6358b 2. LLMs don't want to succeed, they want to imitate.
You want to succeed so you have to ask for a good performance. Here are a few examples of how you can do it:
https://preview.redd.it/lbdjj3ni3h3b1.png?width=680&format=png&auto=webp&s=21ca948e40e6bb0d2c850898ded67563076f17a6 3. LLMs know when they've made a mistake, but without prompting, they don't know to revisit and correct it.
https://preview.redd.it/v1311u3l3h3b1.png?width=680&format=png&auto=webp&s=e691f32708fdeffa4af587d25b4b04772c2407b2 4. GPT doesn't reflect in the loop, sanity check anything, or correct its mistakes along the way.
https://preview.redd.it/cte4d30n3h3b1.png?width=680&format=png&auto=webp&s=667cad60e46850d51aa05cce37d34e3b46a5b2d7 5. If tasks require reasoning, it's better to spread out the reasoning across more tokens, as transformers need tokens to think.
https://preview.redd.it/c39wla8p3h3b1.png?width=680&format=png&auto=webp&s=de3b3788f0032ea3e748afbfedf3594278bf04a7 6. LLMs can be prompted to use tools like calculators and code interpreters.
But they need to be explicitly told to use them.
They don't know what they don't know! https://preview.redd.it/myfaipvr3h3b1.png?width=680&format=png&auto=webp&s=a72cd3968e9154e96b84e46046286bfd65cefa2a 7. Retrieval-augmented generation is a method where you provide the AI model with extra, relevant information related to the topic you're asking about (e.g. with search)
This is like giving the AI model a cheat sheet that it can refer to while answering your question.
https://preview.redd.it/3lbupc1w3h3b1.png?width=1200&format=png&auto=webp&s=2c33d04cc6c4795b587c5709fa6510d461ce9d54 8. To achieve top performance use:
- detailed prompts with lots of task content
- relevant information, and instructions
https://preview.redd.it/5flv7nuy3h3b1.png?width=772&format=png&auto=webp&s=8d4d1593d36aa80625223b625312192e874fdcfd 9. To achieve top performance experiment with:
- few-shot examples
- tools and plugins to offload tasks that are difficult for LLMs
- chain of prompts
- reflection 10. GPT-4 can generate inspiring and coherent responses to prompts.
It "inspired" the audience of Microsoft Build 2023 :)
Follow me on Twitter for more stuff like that! https://twitter.com/Olearningcurve
2023.06.01 23:20 xxia126 2ND [QC] Tudor - Black Bay Fifty Eight 39mm
2023.06.01 23:20 djtmalta00 My MSI Ventus X3 OC RTX 3080 is only running at PCIe x 1 instead of x 16
submitted by djtmalta00 to pchelp [link] [comments]
2023.06.01 23:18 Significant-Ad-3095 sydney motorcycle
long shot honestly but i had my motorcycle stolen it was ktm duke 390 2014 model it was stolen on a wednesday night when i was at work i think it was stolen between the hours of midnight-3am and it was stolen in the australia,nsw, sydney around cambeltown/ambervale area
if happen to see plz message me on here or my phone number 04 74 340 744
photos of the bike can be seen here -> https://imgur.com/a/iJ9YH6I
submitted by Significant-Ad-3095
to motorbikes [link] [comments]
2023.06.01 22:54 Tihshho Rick's Motorsport Parts Tolerance Question
Just reaching out to see if anyone here has had any issues with dimensional tolerance issues with and products from Rick's Motorsports.
A couple weeks ago I ordered some parts from them as I had read some very positive reviews about their charging system. The OEM alternator rotor on the spare engine I'm rebuilding was damaged in its previous life from what looks like the starter chain being too worn and grinding against the area of where the alt rotor and starter clutch mate. When I got the parts I went to test fit everything for the engine rebuild I'm doing and the rotor and the clutch starter assembly didn't drop in as expected. I figured this was due to some galling I previously mentioned and went out and got a replacement starter clutch assembly. Per test fitting again the parts do not drop into one another. I even pulled the assembly from my complete bike to find the same results.
The ID of the rotor is smaller than the OD of the OEM starter clutch assembly, and the locating pin hole ID is smaller than the OD of the OEM locating pin. I measured them on calipers and we're talking tenths of a millimeter in these cases. I reached out to Rick's to see if their parts were designed for fitting or were expected drop in replacements so I didn't modify anything to null the warranty on their parts. According to their 'Tech' I spoke to on the phone, the part is an expected drop in part, which was what I thought. The 'Tech' then claimed that the part I ordered wasn't for my model bike and that I can send it back for a refund but they will be charging a 20% restocking fee... First off, the part (Rick's part # 41-100H) is for the right bike, a 1975 Honda CB360T and is the same part for the 74's and 76's. The tech is claiming since the "T" isn't on the model name on their site the product isn't compatible with the bike I ordered this for.
From my understanding the difference between the CB360 and CB360T are the front brakes, and per checking the Honda part diagrams and part numbers the part in question that I have not mating to the Rick's part is the same part number... I've reached back out to them, but I have a feeling I'm getting suckered into a lack of dimensional tolerance issue on their machinery/tooling as being my fault and because I ordered a part without confirming the "T" in the model name on their site (even though the parts from Honda on the non T and the T based models are identical) that this product isn't compatible with my model...
submitted by Tihshho
to HondaCB [link] [comments]
2023.06.01 22:50 bzraja QC VSF datejust 41 blue motif
| || | submitted by bzraja to 1688Time [link] [comments]
Dealer name: David
Factory name: VSF
Model name (& version number): DATEJUST 41
Price paid: $394
Album Links: https://imgur.com/a/eqbKnAv
Index alignment: looks good - is the 7 crooked spacing seems to be a bit tighter
Dial Printing: looks ok
Date Wheel alignment/printing: looks good
Hand Alignment: don’t see anything wrong
Solid End Links (SELs): n/a
Timegrapher numbers: looks good 5-7 seconds off
Anything else you notice: not sure if it’s the plastic but on the side of the watch looks like a scratch
2023.06.01 22:48 bbyfog [2023 Vermersch et al, #CMSC2023] Frexalimab phase 2 trial in relapsing multiple sclerosis
| || |Frexalimab phase 2 trial submitted by bbyfog to MultipleSclerosisLit [link] [comments]
ClinicalTrials.gov number: NCT04879628 Citation
: Vermersch, et al. Frexalimab, a CD40L inhibitor, in relapsing multiple sclerosis: Results from a randomized controlled phase 2 trial. Presented at Consortium of Multiple Sclerosis Centers’ annual meeting
, Aurora, Colorado. May 31-June 3 2023 BACKGROUND
WHERE AND HOW
- Inflammatory responses in the neural microenvironment of brain or spinal cord involve complex signaling interactions among neurons, astrocytes, microglia, and endothelial cells through cytokines, chemokines, secondary messengers, and neuronal factors. The CD40 receptor and CD40 ligand (also referred as CD40L or CD154) costimulatory pathway is critical for initiating and sustaining neuroinflammatory response and regulates both innate and adaptive immunity (here).
- Hyperactivation or dysregulation of CD40-CD40L signaling is seen in several neurological conditions including traumatic brain injury, Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease, stroke, epilepsy, nerve injury, multiple sclerosis (MS), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, and brain tumors. Blocking CD40-CD40L signaling may have a beneficial effect in MS (here)
- Frexalimab (SAR441344) is an anti-CD40L antibody from Sanofi. It modulates both B and T cells without immune (lymphocyte) depletion.
- This was a phase 2, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to determine the efficacy and safety of frexalimab in people with relapsing MS (pwRMS; including relapsing-remitting MS or secondary progressive MS with relapses).
- The study is ongoing and as of #CMSC2023 presentation, the study had enrolled 129 pwRMS (aged 18-55 years; EDSS up to 5.5 at screening) at sites (currently 48 listed at ClinicalTrials.gov) across United States, Europe, Russia, and Turkey. The study included both people with relapsing-remitting MS (n=121, 93.8% of total) and secondary progressive MS with superimposed relapses (n=8, 6.2% of total).
- The study participants were randomized 4:4:1:1 to high-dose frexalimab, low-dose frexalimab, high-dose placebo, or low-dose placebo arms.
- The study includes a 12-week placebo-controlled double-blind phase (Part A) followed by an open label phase (Part B) where the high- and low-dose placebo crossover to corresponding frexalimab doses.
- The primary endpoint was the number of new Gd+ T1 lesions at Week 12 (relative to Week 8), measured by brain MRI.
- The key secondary endpoints were number of new/enlarging T2 lesions at Week 12 relative to Week 8); total number of Gd+ T1 lesions at Week 12; and safety.
- Key exploratory endpoints were changes in Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale 29 (MSIS-29) and plasma neurofilament light chain (NfL) at Week 12 compared to baseline.
- Statistics: Analysis of the primary and key secondary endpoints was done in the efficacy population through a negative binomial regression model, with the baseline Gd+ T1 lesion count as a covariate and treatment as a factor.
Vermersch et al, #CMSC2023. Fig, new Gd+ T1 lesions
- Baseline characteristics were balanced across all groups except age, sex, and Gd+ T1 lesions: mean ages of ~38 years for frexalimab group (versus ~32 years placebo); 61% and 71% female for low and high dose frexalimab (versus ~65 for placebo); median time from onset of MS symptoms of 7 to 8 years; median EDSS score of 2.5 to 2.8; and ~1 relapse in previous year. Percent of participants with at least 1 Gd+ T1 lesion were 25% (frexalimab, low dose), 31% (frexalimab, high dose), and 38.5% (pooled placebo group).
- Primary endpoint: The mean number of new Gd+ T1 lesions in the low- and high-dose frexalimab were 0.3 and 0.2 respectively, versus 1.4 for placebo, at 12 weeks. The relative reduction in new Gd+ T1 lesions was 79% (95% CI: 44% - 92%, p=0.0021) with low-dose frexalimab and 89% (95% CI: 62% - 97%, p=0.0004) with high-dose frexalimab.
- Secondary endpoint: The relative reduction in new/enlarging T2 lesions was 86% (95% CI: 59% - 95%) with low-dose frexalimab and 92% (95% CI: 74% - 97% with high-dose frexalimab.
- Exploratory endpoint: MSIS-29 physical impact score significantly improved over 12-weeks in the high-dose frexalimab group vs pooled placebo. At Week 12, the plasma NfL levels also decreased significantly in both frexalimab groups: by 26% (p=0.0020) in high-dose frexalimab and by 20% (p=0.0190) in low dose frexalimab, versus pooled placebo.
- Safety: The most common adverse events were COVID-19 and headache. There was 1 (1.9%) case of isolated asymptomatic alanine aminotransferase elevation (5.9x the upper limit of normal, with no concomitant bilirubin increase) that recovered on treatment in high-dose frexalimab group.
- Frexalimab significantly reduced the number of Gd+ T1 lesions, meeting the primary endpoint.
- The study also showed positive effect on the reduction in new/enlarging T2 lesions, MSIS-29 outcome, and the biomarker NfL.
- Frexalimab is the first CD40L blocker to demonstrate efficacy in RMS.
- There are no other frexalimab trials currently listed in ClinicalTrials.gov. However, other anti-CD40L antibodies are also in experimental stage such as toralizumab/IDEC-131 (here).
2023.06.01 22:30 foxyboomer6789 The potato. A staple in people’s diets. An ugly mass. But one that can cause beauty in others if you follow the instructions.
Me and my friend, let’s call her Melinda were outcasts. No boys were ever interested in us in high school. Or college. Or even now in our mid 20s.
We were lovers of the strange, the weird, the occult. Which is why when a new store opened at the edge of town with no name and windows that obscured you from gazing in at the commodities, we had to go along.
We walked into the store, the ground around it surprisingly dry and cracked despite living in Oregon. Perhaps the chemicals they used while painting the putrid green outer shell leached into the ground. It also disgusted at the colour. As we entered it was quiet, and no cashier? In fact there wasn’t even a till or counter that I could see. There was all nature of things. Packets of Vitamin Powder labelled ‘vitamin H’ which were a bright purple as if it was shouting at you that it most likely contained a bunch of E numbers. Lemons placed individually in a jar with a skull and cross bones. And lastly a basket of potatoes which were labelled ‘name your price’. A bunch of quirky things that had no actual value.
Melinda picked one of the potatoes up, the least attractive item on offer and as a joke we left the store with it paying nothing as after all it was ‘name your price’, making sure to pick up the complimentary instruction manual. An instruction manual for a potato.
We couldn’t wait to get home and see if something peculiar might happen as surely it wasn’t just a potato. So we sat outside the shop and placed the potato on the floor staring at it as if we expected it to magically perform some sort of act for us, Because Melinda an I were not a fan of reading instructions and expected everything to happen miraculously. But alas the potato did nothing so we had to open the manual.
“Want to be beautiful?”
Was the potato reading our minds? It made me question if that Kombucha we had drank earlier was in fact kombucha and not some sort of hallucinogenic. We continued reading as why not?
“Open the back of the potato and remove pins and desired features”
We did not care to question the absurd instructions and opened the back of the potato which seemed to have a little door which it certainly didn’t have before. Melinda pulled out some pins and the ‘desired features’ which were large luscious lips, pink like the roses that grew around the house opposite us. Home to the most beautiful woman, one that we wished we looked like. The next feature a small button nose followed by fox eyes. Ingredients for the most beautiful woman in our eyes.
The next step. “Prick finger with one of the pins and place blood on the top of the potato”
Melinda did this, the blood somehow absorbing into the potato. The next step instructed us to pin the desired features on the potato. She pinned the lips, eyes and nose onto it. And waited. Soon her whole face began to transform, warping and twisting from her previous appearance to the new ‘improved’ look. I was horrified but intrigued at the same time, was beauty this simple? But although she loved the look she wanted more, before I could even have a turn.
She removed the features from the potato ready to put even better ones in their place. But she should have read the warning at the beginning of the manual.
“Under no circumstances remove desired features from the potato once placed”
I read this but it was too late. The new features upon her face began to decay, rotting like a corpse. Falling upon the floor, I froze in shock, what on earth was happening? Her face now completely blank. Just skin. And slight indents where her nose, mouth and eyes would have been. The potato opposite her now a spitting image.
She stood up grabbing at the air to find her way and tripped on the potato. She fell snapping her neck. I called for an ambulance but when they arrived they just examined her and turned to me and said ‘silly girls playing with potatoes’ and smiled. A smile that still haunts me to this day. The police were on scene too, and they said the same thing to me.
They also said that no one would be able to identify her. She had no face. And she wasn’t a fan of dentists. I was left on the edge of town with Melindas body, had the whole town gone crazy?
I left town immediately. I couldn’t stay there. And I haven’t been back since. But every time I see that ugly root vegetable I remind myself that although I may not be a model. Playing with things you don’t understand to achieve beauty is not the way to go.
submitted by foxyboomer6789
to nosleep [link] [comments]
2023.06.01 22:19 Dismal-Jellyfish Six federal regulatory agencies today requested PUBLIC COMMENT on a proposed rule designed to ensure the credibility and integrity of models used in real estate valuations. In particular, the proposed rule would implement quality control standards for automated valuation models (AVMs).
| || |https://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/pressreleases/files/bcreg20230601a1.pdf submitted by Dismal-Jellyfish to Superstonk [link] [comments]
Under the proposed rule, the agencies would require institutions that engage in covered transactions to adopt policies, practices, procedures, and control systems to ensure that AVMs adhere to quality control standards designed to ensure the credibility and integrity of valuations. The proposed standards are designed to ensure a high level of confidence in the estimates produced by AVMs; help protect against the manipulation of data; seek to avoid conflicts of interest; require random sample testing and reviews; and promote compliance with applicable nondiscrimination laws.
AVMs are used as part of the real estate valuation process, driven in part by advances in database and modeling technology and the availability of larger property datasets. While advances in AVM technology and data availability have the potential to contribute to lower costs and reduce loan cycle times, it is important that institutions using AVMs take appropriate steps to ensure the credibility and integrity of their valuations. It is also important that the AVMs institutions use adhere to quality control standards designed to comply with applicable nondiscrimination laws.
The Proposed Rule
- The agencies are inviting comment on a proposed rule to implement quality control standards for the use of AVMs that are covered by this proposal.
- The agencies’ proposed rule would require that mortgage originators and secondary market issuers adopt policies, practices, procedures, and control systems to ensure that AVMs used in certain credit decisions or covered securitization determinations adhere to quality control standards designed to meet specific quality control factors.
- The proposed rule would not set specific requirements for how institutions are to structure these policies, practices, procedures, and control systems. This approach would provide institutions the flexibility to set quality controls for AVMs as appropriate based on the size of the institution and the risk and complexity of transactions for which they will use AVMs covered by this proposed rule. As modeling technology continues to evolve, this flexible approach would allow institutions to refine their policies, practices, procedures, and control systems as appropriate.
- The agencies’ existing guidance related to AVMs would remain applicable.
- The quality control standards in section 1125 of title XI apply to AVMs “used by mortgage originators and secondary market issuers to determine the collateral worth of a mortgage secured by a consumer’s principal dwelling.”
- The proposed rule would implement the statute by applying the quality control standards when an AVM is being used to make a determination of collateral value, as opposed to other uses such as monitoring value over time or validating an already completed valuation. Determinations of collateral value are generally made in connection with credit decisions or covered securitization determinations as defined in this proposed rulemaking, for example when determining a new value before originating a purchase-money mortgage or placing a loan in a securitization pool. Other uses of AVMs, such as for portfolio monitoring, do not involve making a determination of collateral value, and thus are not within the scope of the proposed rule.
- The agencies are further proposing that the rule would not cover the use of AVMs in the development of an appraisal by a certified or licensed appraiser, nor in the review of the quality of already completed determinations of collateral value (completed determinations).
- The proposed rule would cover the use of AVMs in preparing evaluations required for certain real estate transactions that are exempt from the appraisal requirements under the appraisal regulations issued by the OCC, Board, FDIC, and NCUA, such as transactions that have a value below the exemption thresholds in the appraisal regulations.
- Section 1125(c)(1) provides that compliance with regulations issued under this subsection shall be enforced by, "with respect to a financial institution, or subsidiary owned and controlled by a financial institution and regulated by a Federal financial institution regulatory agency, the Federal financial institution regulatory agency that acts as the primary Federal supervisor of such financial institution or subsidiary.”
- Section 1125(c)(1) applies to a subsidiary of a financial institution only if the subsidiary is (1) owned and controlled by a financial institution, and (2) regulated by a Federal financial institution regulatory agency. Section 1125(c)(2) provides that compliance with regulations issued under this subsection shall be enforced by, "with respect to other participants in the market for appraisals of 1-to-4 unit single family residential real estate, the Federal Trade Commission, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection, and a State attorney general.”
- The proposed rule would define “covered securitization determination” to mean a determination regarding (1) whether to waive an appraisal requirement for a mortgage origination in connection with its potential sale or transfer to a secondary market issuer, or (2) structuring, preparing disclosures for, or marketing initial offerings of mortgage-backed securitizations. Monitoring collateral value in mortgage-backed securitizations after they have already been issued would not be covered securitization determinations.
Rules on AVMs used in connection with making credit decisions:
The proposed rule would apply to AVMs used in connection with making a credit decision. The proposed rule would define “credit decision,” in part, to include a decision regarding whether and under what terms to originate, modify, terminate, or make other changes to a mortgage. The scope provision of the proposed regulatory text would expressly exclude the use of AVMs in monitoring the quality or performance of mortgages or mortgage-backed securities. The use of AVMs solely to monitor a creditor’s mortgage portfolio would not be a credit decision under the proposed rule because the lending institution has already made the credit decision. The scope of the proposed rule would include, for example, decisions regarding originating a mortgage, modifying the terms of an existing loan, or renewing, increasing, or terminating a line of credit. The proposed rule uses the term “credit decision” to help clarify that the proposed rule would cover these various types of decisions. The proposal to limit the scope of the rule to credit decisions and covered securitization determinations reflects the statutory definition of AVM, which focuses on the use of an AVM “by mortgage originators and secondary market issuers to determine the collateral worth of a mortgage secured by a consumer’s principal dwelling.”23 The proposed rule would distinguish between using AVMs to determine the value of collateral securing a mortgage and using AVMs to monitor, verify, or validate a previous determination of value (e.g., the proposed rule would not cover a computerized tax assessment used to verify the valuation made during the origination process).24 The proposed rule focuses on those aspects of mortgage and securitization transactions where the value of collateral is typically determined. Loan modifications and other changes to existing loans. The proposed rule would cover the use of AVMs in deciding whether to change the terms of an existing mortgage even if the change does not result in a new mortgage origination, as long as a “mortgage originator” or “secondary market issuer,” or servicers that work on the originator’s or secondary market issuer’s behalf, uses the AVM to determine the value of a mortgage secured by a consumer’s principal dwelling. For example, the proposed rule would cover AVMs used in making decisions to deny a loan modification or to confirm collateral values, such as when there is a request to change or release collateral. In relevant part, section 1125 provides that an AVM is “any computerized model used by mortgage originators and secondary market issuers to determine the collateral worth of a mortgage . . . .”25 The agencies’ view is that the phrase “determine the collateral worth” broadly covers instances where mortgage originators and secondary market issuers use AVMs in connection with making credit decisions. Under the proposal, the agencies consider mortgage originators and secondary market issuers or servicers that work on their behalf to be using AVMs in connection with making a credit decision when they use AVMs to modify or to change the terms of existing loans.
How I understand it:
- The rule would cover a range of decisions such as mortgage origination, modification, or termination, and uses "credit decision" as a blanket term to simplify this. Think of it as the umbrella under which all these different decisions take shelter.
- The rule would differentiate between using AVMs for deciding the value of collateral securing a mortgage and using them to check, validate, or affirm a previous value determination. In short, it’s not about looking back and second-guessing, but rather about making fresh valuation decisions.
AVMs used by secondary market issuers:
The language of section 1125 includes not only mortgage originators, but also secondary market issuers. Given that the statute refers to secondary market issuers and the primary business of secondary market issuers is to securitize mortgage loans and to sell those mortgagebacked securities to investors, the proposed rule would cover AVMs used in securitization determinations. In addition, covering AVMs used in securitizations could potentially protect the safety and soundness of institutions and protect consumers and investors by reducing the risk that secondary market issuers will misvalue homes. For example, misvaluation by secondary market issuers could in turn incentivize mortgage originators to originate misvalued loans when making lending decisions Such misvaluations could pose a risk of insufficient collateral for financial institutions and secondary market participants and could limit consumers’ refinancing and selling opportunities.
How I understand it:
- The proposed rule would also apply to AVMs used in securitization decisions, because secondary market issuers are typically busy bundling up these mortgages for selling to investors.
- By extending to securitizations, the rule could help protect the safety of institutions, consumers, and investors by reducing the risk of misvaluing homes. So, it's like a security guard keeping watch over the valuation process.
- Misvaluation by secondary market issuers could encourage mortgage originators to originate misvalued loans, a domino effect we don't want to see in the lending decisions....
- Such misvaluations could pose a risk of insufficient collateral for financial institutions and secondary market participants and could limit consumers’ refinancing and selling opportunities.
The proposed rule would define “covered securitization determination” to include determinations regarding, among other things, whether to waive an appraisal requirement for a mortgage origination (appraisal waiver decisions).
Under the proposal, a secondary market issuer that uses AVMs in connection with making appraisal waiver decisions would be required to have policies, practices, procedures, and control systems in place to ensure that the AVM supporting those appraisal waiver decisions adheres to the rule’s quality control standards. In contrast, a mortgage originator that requests an appraisal waiver decision from a secondary market issuer would not need to ensure that the AVM used to support the waiver meets the rule’s quality control standards because the secondary market issuer would be using the AVM to make the appraisal waiver decision in this context, not the mortgage originator.
For example, both GSEs have appraisal waiver programs and are the predominant issuers of appraisal waivers in the current mortgage market. To determine whether a loan qualifies for an appraisal waiver under either GSE program, a mortgage originator submits the loan casefile to the GSE’s automated underwriting system with an estimated value of the property (for a refinance transaction) or the contract price (for a purchase transaction). The GSE then processes that information through its internal model, which may include use of an AVM, to determine the acceptability of the estimated value or the contract price for the property. If the GSE’s analysis determines, among other eligibility parameters, that the estimated value or contract price meets its risk thresholds, the GSE offers the lender an appraisal waiver. In this example, when the GSEs use AVMs to determine whether the mortgage originator’s estimated collateral value or the contract price meets acceptable thresholds for issuing an appraisal waiver offer, the GSEs would be making a “covered securitization determination” under the proposed rule. As a result, the proposed rule would require the GSEs, as secondary market issuers, to maintain policies, practices, procedures, and control systems designed to ensure that their use of such AVMs adheres to the rule’s quality control standards. On the other hand, when a mortgage originator submits a loan to determine whether a GSE will offer an appraisal waiver, the mortgage originator would not be making a “covered securitization determination” under the proposed rule because the GSE would be using its AVM to make the appraisal waiver decision in this context. As a result, the mortgage originator would not be responsible for ensuring that the GSEs’ AVMs comply with the proposed rule’s quality control standards.
How I understand it:
- Defining "Covered Securitization Determination": This term would include decisions about waiving an appraisal requirement for a mortgage origination, also known as appraisal waiver decisions.
- If these issuers use AVMs for making appraisal waiver decisions, they need to have policies and control systems in place to ensure that the AVMs adhere to the rule's quality control standards.
- Mortgage originators requesting an appraisal waiver from a secondary market issuer wouldn't have to ensure that the AVM used meets the rule’s quality control standards.
- This responsibility would rest with the secondary market issuer, not the originator.
- GSEs as an Example: When GSEs (like Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac) use AVMs to decide whether the mortgage originator’s estimated collateral value or the contract price meets thresholds for issuing an appraisal waiver, they would be making a "covered securitization determination". As such, GSEs would need to ensure AVM adherence to the rule's quality control standards.
- When a mortgage originator submits a loan to see if a GSE will offer an appraisal waiver, the originator is not making a "covered securitization determination", so they don't need to ensure GSEs' AVMs comply with the proposed rule’s quality control standards.
Other uses by secondary market issuers:
The proposed rule would define “covered securitization determination” to include determinations regarding, among other things, structuring, preparing disclosures for, or marketing initial offerings of mortgage-backed securitizations. Monitoring collateral value in mortgage-backed securitizations after the securities have already been issued would not be a covered securitization determination. The proposed rule would cover AVM usage if and when a secondary market issuer uses an AVM as part of a new or revised value determination in connection with covered securitization determinations. For example, the GSEs use the origination appraised value or the estimated value in appraisal waivers when issuing mortgage-backed securities. Hence, AVMs are not used by the GSEs to make a new or revised value determination in connection with MBS issuances. However, because the GSEs provide guarantees of timely payment of principal and interest on loans that are included in an MBS, they are obligated to purchase loans that are in default from MBS loan pools. The GSEs may modify such loans and subsequently re-securitize them as new MBS offerings. In these instances, the GSEs may use an AVM to estimate collateral value for investor transparency and disclosure. AVMs used in this manner by the GSEs would be considered covered securitization determinations because there are new or revised value determinations. As discussed in part II.A.3 of this SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION, the proposed rule distinguishes between secondary market issuers using AVMs to determine the value of collateral securing a mortgage versus using AVMs solely to review completed value determinations. For example, AVMs used solely to review appraisals obtained during mortgage origination would not be covered by the proposed rule.
How I understand it:
- “Covered Securitization Determination”: This term would include decisions about structuring, preparing disclosures for, or marketing initial offerings of mortgage-backed securities.
- However, monitoring collateral value after securities issuance wouldn't fall under this definition.
- The rule would apply if a secondary market issuer uses an AVM for new or revised value determination in relation to covered securitization determinations.
- Although GSEs don't use AVMs for new or revised value determinations for MBS issuances, they do use them when re-securitizing defaulted and modified loans for new MBS offerings.
- In these cases, AVMs are used for estimating collateral value for investor transparency, and these instances would be considered covered securitization determinations.
- The proposed rule differentiates between using AVMs to determine collateral value and using them only for reviewing completed value determinations.
- For instance, using AVMs solely to review appraisals obtained during mortgage origination wouldn't be covered by this rule.
AVM uses not covered by the proposed rule
Uses of AVMs by appraisers. The proposed rule would not cover use of an AVM by a certified or licensed appraiser in developing an appraisal. This approach reflects the fact that, while appraisers may use AVMs in preparing appraisals, they must achieve credible results in preparing an appraisal under the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP) and its interpreting opinions.33 As such, an appraiser must make a valuation conclusion that is supportable independently and does not rely on an AVM to determine the value of the underlying collateral. The agencies also note that it may be impractical for mortgage originators and secondary market issuers to adopt policies, procedures, practices, and control systems to ensure quality controls for AVMs used by the numerous independent appraisers with which they work.
Who watches the watchmen though?
How to comment:
Commenters are encouraged to submit comments through the Federal eRulemaking Portal. Please use the title “Quality Control Standards for Automated Valuation Models” to facilitate the organization and distribution of the comments. You may submit comments by any of the following methods:
- Federal eRulemaking Portal – Regulations.gov: Go to https://regulations.gov/. Enter “Docket ID OCC-2023-0002” in the Search Box and click “Search.” Public comments can be submitted via the “Comment” box below the displayed document information or by clicking on the document title and then clicking the “Comment” box on the top-left side of the screen. For help with submitting effective comments, please click on “Commenter’s Checklist.” For assistance with the Regulations.gov site, please call 1-866- 498-2945 (toll free) Monday-Friday, 9am-5pm ET, or e-mail [email protected].
- Mail: Chief Counsel’s Office, Attention: Comment Processing, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, 400 7th Street, SW, suite 3E-218, Washington, DC 20219.
- You must include “OCC” as the agency name and “Docket ID OCC-2023- 0002” in your comment.
- In general, the OCC will enter all comments received into the docket and publish the comments on the Regulations.gov website without change, including any business or personal information provided such as name and address information, e-mail addresses, or phone numbers. Comments received, including attachments and other supporting materials, are part of the public record and subject to public disclosure.
- Do not include any information in your comment or supporting materials that you consider confidential or inappropriate for public disclosure.
- The proposal discusses the use of automated valuation models (AVMs) by mortgage originators and secondary market issuers to determine a mortgage's collateral value
- Institutions engaged in certain credit decisions or securitization determinations would be required to adopt policies and procedures to ensure AVMs used adhere to quality control standards.
- The proposal also aims to protect against data manipulation, avoid conflicts of interest, require random sample testing and reviews.
- Data Manipulation: By implementing quality control standards and promoting transparency, this rule may reduce the risk of AVMs being manipulated to overestimate or underestimate a property's value.
- Conflicts of Interest: It may mitigate potential conflicts of interest where a party could benefit from the property's valuation being higher or lower than its actual worth.
- Inaccurate Valuations: The required random sample testing and reviews could catch systematic errors or biases in the AVMs that lead to inaccurate property valuations.
- Discrimination: By requiring compliance with nondiscrimination laws, the rule could address loopholes where certain properties might be undervalued due to location in certain neighborhoods or other discriminatory practices.
- Securitization Risks: The rule could help reduce the risk of mispriced mortgage-backed securities, by ensuring that the underlying assets (i.e., the properties) are properly valued. This is particularly crucial because undervaluation or overvaluation of properties could result in financial instability.
- How does this relate to GameStop?
- The broader economy is seeing regional banks blow up at these rates, what sort of stress will higher rates cause in the banking system with those trying to maintain their short positions for another day if they can't tip the scale on valuations on items that have become linchpins of their collateral down the line?
2023.06.01 22:19 AutoModerator How To Watch The Little Mermaid Movie Streams Online Free at Reddit
‘The Little Mermaid’ is finally here. Find out how to watch Disney's latest live-action adaptation animated film The Little Mermaid online for free.
Watch Now: The Little Mermaid 2023 Movie Online Free Link: https://actionfilx.com/en/movie/447277/the-little-mermaid
Animated Film! Here are options for downloading or watching The Little Mermaid streaming the full movie online for free on 123movies & Reddit, including where to watch Disney's latest live-action adaptation movies at home. Is The Little Mermaid 2023 available to stream? Is watching The Little Mermaid on Peacock, Disney Plus, HBO Max, Netflix or Amazon Prime? Yes, we have found an authentic streaming option/service.
The new live-action 'The Little Mermaid' movie stars Halle Bailey and Melissa McCarthy. Make sure to keep on reading to learn where you can watch and stream it.
Folks, it's time to dive under the sea once again. Over the last few years, Disney has recreated their top animated musical films into live-action movies. The Little Mermaid is no different, and viewers can't wait to swim into theaters to catch a glimpse of how the movie will stand up against the original version.
Walt Disney Studios has established a remarkable trend of making live-action remakes of its classic stories. One after the other, all the fairytales of the past era are being brought to life by the studio in an attempt to tell the magical stories in a new light of living characters. With the live-action Peter Pan & Wendy due out in April, Disney will continue their string of live-action remakes a month later with The Little Mermaid.
Get ready to go "under the sea!" The latest of Disney's hugely successful line of live-action remakes, Ariel (Halle Bailey) is set to return to theaters for the first time in almost thirty-five years with The Little Mermaid (2023). The Walt Disney Company once again invites audiences to travel under the sea to see Princess Ariel's story unfold like never before. Featuring direction from veteran musical filmmaker Rob Marshall and other roles inhabited by major Hollywood stars like Melissa McCarthy as Ursula the Sea Witch and Javier Bardem as King Triton, the film is bound to be a bona fide hit at the box office.
Though the upcoming and highly anticipated film will have stiff competition against two stand-up comedians on the weekend it releases, The Little Mermaid is destined to show that life is better down where it's wetter under the sea this Summer movie season. To find showtimes and streaming information on Disney's latest big-budget reimagining of an animated classic, here is where you can watch The Little Mermaid.
Actress Halle Bailey as Ariel, the iconic mermaid princess who longs to be part of the the mysteriously world housed above the ocean floor. When she saves the handsome Prince Eric (Jonah Hauer-King) from a shipwreck, she makes a deal with the sea witch Ursula (Melissa McCarthy) in order to gain human legs and go on land to impress him. But there's one catch to the transaction: Ariel must trade her voice in order for her to try and see the things she's after. But as fans of the original 1989 film know, this comes with a series of consequences that threaten both her existence and the lives of those she loves.
Before we ask if you're interested in seeing this, we know you are. But like us, you're probably wondering how to watch and stream The Little Mermaid online. Luckily, we have some clues and it's likely to land on a major streaming site very soon. So climb aboard, because here's where to watch and stream The Little Mermaid online.
What Is the Release Date for The Little Mermaid?
Ariel's quest to go from a mermaid into a human begins anew when The Little Mermaid premieres this Memorial Day Weekend on Friday, May 26th, 2023. The film will be going up against not one, but two stand-up comedians and their films that weekend, with Sebastian Maniscalco's About My Father and Bert Kreischer's The Machine premiering on the same day. That said, The Little Mermaid will almost certainly be the choice for younger audiences and families.
While some Disney films are heading straight to Disney+, The Little Mermaid will first be shown exclusively in theaters.
Where To Watch The Little Mermaid Online:
As of now, the only way to watch Fast X is to head out to a movie theater when it premieres on May 26, 2023. You can find a local showing on Fandango.
Watch Now: The Little Mermaid (2023) Movie Online Free
Otherwise, you’ll just have to wait for it to become available to rent or purchase on digital platforms like Amazon, Vudu, YouTube or Apple, or become available to stream on Disney+.
How to Watch The Little Mermaid
At the moment, you can watch The Little Mermaid at your local theater. But like most movies these days, it should hit a streaming website in the near future.
Like its predecessor, The Little Mermaid is a flick produced by multimedia conglomerate Disney. What's more, the production studio owns a number of other famous franchises, like the Marvel Cinematic Universe and Star Wars. Titles made under these umbrellas have both hit Disney+ sometime after arriving at the box office. Fans may also know the original Little Mermaid is currently available to stream on the site as well. So, if the 2023 version follows the same pattern, folks will likely get to see The Little Mermaid on Disney+ later this year too.
As for an exact release date for The Little Mermaid, that's more complicated. Most movies produced by Disney often go to its streamer site within three months after debuting in theaters, like the most recent Marvel film Ant-Man and the Wasp: Quantumania. If this is the case for The Little Mermaid, it will probably drop in late August 2023 or sometime near Labor Day in early September.
When the time comes for The Little Mermaid to splash onto Disney+ though, make sure you're all prepared to watch it. If you don't have access yet, you can opt into a 30-day free trial before choosing a plan that start at $7.99 per month or $79.99 per year. After your account is all set, click on the title page on Disney+'s official website or the Disney+ app.
As you wait for The Little Mermaid to hit the streamer, why don't you watch the animated version and its sequel The Little Mermaid 2: Return to the Sea? Or if you want to immerse yourself in another live-action version, click on the 2019 ABC TV special The Little Mermaid Live!. Enjoy!
Will The Little Mermaid Be in Theaters or on Streaming?
Unlike several of Disney's other live-action remakes such as Pinocchio and Peter Pan & Wendy, The Little Mermaid will be exclusively in movie theaters first with tickets available for pre-sale now.
After The Little Mermaid has completed its exclusive theatrical run, the film will be released on the Disney+ streaming service. Based on Disney's past release models, the film won't be made available to stream before 45 to 90 days after its theatrical release.
When will The Little Mermaid be streaming on Disney+?
The Little Mermaid Disney+ premiere date is tentatively estimated to be August 30, 2023.
While no official Little Mermaid streaming date has been confirmed by Disney, most of its major movie releases drop on Disney+ following a minimum 90-day period, and typically premiere on the platform on Wednesdays, making Wednesday, August 30 the most likely date for Disney’s The Little Mermaid live-action streaming release.
Will The Little Mermaid Be Streaming On Disney+?
The 2023 version of The Little Mermaid will only be in theaters initially. After The Little Mermaid has completed its exclusive theatrical run, it is likely to stream on Disney Plus. You can also watch the animated version of Hans Christian Andersen's 1837 fairy tale of Ariel on Disney Plus now.
While you will only be able to catch the new "The Little Mermaid" in theaters starting next Friday, you can still sign up for Disney+ now to refresh yourself on the characters, song, plot and magical fun from the highly anticipated film. The 1989 version of the movie was a catalyst for Disney's animation renaissance throughout the '90s and it still holds up today.
An ad-supported Disney+ subscription starts at $8 per month, but you can get an ad-free access to the service for $11 monthly or bundle the Disney streaming service with Hulu and ESPN+ starting at $13 per month. Disney+ boasts a huge collection of movies and television series, including Marvel and Star Wars content. If you add in Hulu and ESPN, you have nearly unlimited entertainment at your fingertips.
Is The Little Mermaid streaming on Netflix?
No, The Little Mermaid will not be on Netflix — at least not any time soon. In the meantime, you’ll just have to head out to a movie theater or wait for it to become available to stream on Disney+.
Will The Little Mermaid Be On HBO Max?
No, The Little Mermaid will not be on HBO Max since it’s not a Universal Pictures movie. Last year, the company released its films in theaters and on the streamer on the same day. However, they now allow a 45-day window between the theatrical release and the streaming release.
Is The Little Mermaid Available On Hulu?
Viewers are saying that they want to view the new animation movie The Little Mermaid on Hulu. Unfortunately, this is not possible since Hulu currently does not offer any of the free episodes of this series streaming at this time. It will be exclusive to the MTV channel, which you get by subscribing to cable or satellite TV services. You will not be able to watch it on Hulu or any other free streaming service.
How to Watch The Little Mermaid Online For Free?'
Most Viewed, Most Favorite, Top Rating, Top IMDb movies online. Here we can download and watch 123movies movies offline. 123Movies website is the best alternative to The Little Mermaid (2023) free online. We will recommend 123Movies is the best Solarmovie alternatives.
There are a few ways to watch The Little Mermaid online in the U.S. You can use a streaming service such as Netflix, Hulu, or Amazon Prime Video. You can also rent or buy the movie on iTunes or Google Play. You can also watch it on-demand or on a streaming app available on your TV or streaming device if you have cable.
The Little Mermaid Cast and Characters
The Little Mermaid was written by David Magee and directed by Rob Marshall. It stars the following actors:
- Halle Bailey as Ariel
- Melissa McCarthy as Ursula
- Javier Bardem as King Triton
- Noma Dumezweni as Queen Selina
- Jonah Hauer-King as Prince Eric
- Daveed Diggs as Sebastian
- Awkwafina as Scuttle
- Jacob Tremblay as Flounder
- Art Malik as Sir Grimsby
What is The Little Mermaid About?
The official synopsis for The Little Mermaid by Walt Disney Studios read:
“The Little Mermaid” is the beloved story of Ariel, a beautiful and spirited young mermaid with a thirst for adventure. The youngest of King Triton’s daughters and the most defiant, Ariel longs to find out more about the world beyond the sea, and while visiting the surface, falls for the dashing Prince Eric. While mermaids are forbidden to interact with humans, Ariel must follow her heart. She makes a deal with the evil sea witch, Ursula, which gives her a chance to experience life on land, but ultimately places her life – and her father’s crown – in jeopardy.
There is not much mystery in The Little Mermaid's plot. As seen in Disney's many other live-action remakes, it is anticipated that the film's plot will largely stick to the original. With the well-known song "Part of Your World," in which Ariel sings about her wish to be a part of the world beyond the water, i.e., the human realm, the teaser already alluded to Ariel's fascination with the human world. Fans will get to see Ariel and Prince Eric's romance as they deal with the challenges posed by their differences.
submitted by AutoModerator
to The_Little_MermaidHDQ [link] [comments]
2023.06.01 22:19 mantistobogganer Does anyone have a resource for cross referencing older Serengeti model numbers
I have a pair that appears to be knockoff, can’t find any info for the model number, but lenses seem to be wrong color, don’t have the signature “S” on the right lens, and frame doesn’t have a similar weight to other pairs I have so possibly made from a different material. Just wondering if there’s anyway to find a model list so I can check this pair and potentially others in the future before purchasing?
submitted by mantistobogganer
to sunglasses [link] [comments]
2023.06.01 22:17 emotional_zack my stupid ex
I broke up with my partner of two years two weeks ago. We had been doing long distance for the past year. The break up was due to a plethora of reasons, but mainly because I felt like their mother. When we were together I would plan everything, cook everything, clean everything, and only for them to complain nonstop. They were sapping my energy. I'm only 20, attractive, smart, and funny, and felt like I was wasting the best years of my life on a relationship with an emotional vampire. Ever since we broke up I've felt like a whole new person, my outlook on life has really changed. I've been with my friends, partying, and have hooked up with two models, people I didn't even think were on my level. However, I've been very friendly with my ex and we were talking on and off, just checking in on each other. I still love and care for them truly, that love never goes away.
But today was so fucked up. A little background, my ex is chronically online. Basically all of their friends are from discord and I was their first ever proper irl relationship. Literally the biggest ever ick looking back on it. They posted a screenshot of a chat they were having on a server with them telling people to stop messaging them because they were having phone sex. I found this fucking hilarious and a little sad so I replied with the skull emoji. We then proceeded to have a strange conversation where they gave me a bunch of vague symptoms and wanted me to diagnose the problem (I study biomedicine). I found this funny and joked back telling them to shut up. We had been watching orange is the new black on netflix a week before we broke up and afterwards I had been watching it by myself. Piper and Alex's relationship reminds me of us so I jokingly mentioned that and caught them up to speed with the episode I was on (the one where Piper accidently starts a white lives matter movement in the prison). All of a sudden a new person starts messaging me (text type and lingo is different) and they tell me to stop flirting with my ex because they are taken now. I'm just like ???. The other person then goes on about how I'm racist for talking about white lives matter (I WAS TALKING ABOUT WHAT HAPPENED IN A SHOW). Then they go on and on about how I'm pathetic and should leave my ex alone... which is so?? strange?
A very important point about our relationship is that my ex actually owes me £1100. So I told this other person, new girlfriend?, that I could not leave them alone actually because we are friends? and they owe me a large sum of money. The other person still proceeds to call me racist and white (i'm not even white so I don't even know).
I use Imessage and tell my ex that whatever the fuck that is going on is hurting my feelings and that it is so so strange and immature. We have a little back and forth and then they disappear as soon as I start asking for my money. I think they've even blocked my number! And now I'm sitting here like an idiot feeling sorry for myself because I'm short £1100. Money I can't afford to be short of because I am a broke student. I fucking hate my stupid ass ex. I'm thinking of contacting their parents because I truly don't know how else I can get that money back.
Sorry this is written so badly, really had to get this stuff off my chest.
submitted by emotional_zack
to Vent [link] [comments]
2023.06.01 22:14 bomb447 Carb Rebuild Kit for Tiller
Does anyone have any info on this tiller that my dad got recently? I'm wanting to rebuild the carb but not sure what kit to get. It only runs with the choke and starting fluid. Plan on getting a new spark plug and fuel line/filter as well. I emptied the gas tank and put in new gas. Do I need to change the oil as well, if so, what type?
The serial number says Garden Way, so looks like an old Troy Bilt, and the engine has numbers stamped on it as well. Model Type CODE 195437 0150 01 81042912
submitted by bomb447
to smallengines [link] [comments]
2023.06.01 22:13 SensitiveAwareness72 MOT failure
2023.06.01 22:11 drnick5 Intel Nuc 13 Pro vPro models?
Hi Folks, I know the Nuc 13th gen just launched, but I'm trying to find if they'll be launching any with vPro. (I'm not able to find any model numbers listed on their site) mainly I'm looking to use these as small remote servers but would like some sort of remote management.
submitted by drnick5
to intelnuc [link] [comments]
2023.06.01 22:08 nhenke84 [WTS] PRICE DROPS!!! SOG, Civivi, Boker, CJRB, Kubey, Kizer, Spyderco, and a lot more!
Hey KS!!! 🔪 ❤️
I’m wanting to do some sales today, but I’d consider a trade for a Spyderco Endela in k390 or a Kizer Mad Tanto in green Micarta. Take 5 off each additional item since I’ll be combining the shipping cost… or YOLO EVERYTHING that’s left and take off 30%!
First YOLO takes it… message or chat me after to set up payment/shipping details. Open to reasonable offers, especially if buying multiple items.
PayPal Friends and Family (PPFF) preferred - NO NOTES (I can also do Zelle as a second option).
I ship USPS (typically the next day), and provide tracking information.
❌I’ll mark items as GONE if they are no longer available.
Sog Kiku XR SV:122 (or 127 if you want me to send the giant box it came in) / TV: 190
1st owner - not cut, carried, or sharpened - comes with left and right hand clips - green g10 and cryo CTS XHP https://imgur.com/a/YgqzVUt
Discontinued Kubey Tarzan SV:68 / TV: 90
titanium frame lock aus10 - very light use (cut some papeenvelopes) comes with box - second owner (small black mark on backspacer… came like this - see photos for specifics) - second owner Photos: https://imgur.com/a/TDP5VHY
Remette aka QYGMGS GD22K SV: 26
new in box, blacked out - D2 and G10 - first owner https://imgur.com/a/UuAMZFg
Boker Kalashnikov SV:31
2nd owner - auto - Aus 8 lightly carried - black/black - flies open - 2nd owner https://imgur.com/a/ZnbMgQc
Honey Badger SV:30 Medium size with Wharncleaver blade shape - tan with 8Cr13MoV - 2nd plus owner - light carry - no box https://imgur.com/a/vIyLAVN
Ferrum Forge Mini Archbishop SV:49
9cr18mov Steel - factory edge - great condition except with small scratch on g10 on show side - no box - 2nd plus owner https://imgur.com/a/gZAEnQv
Civivi Altus SV:54
button lock - G10 and Nitro V - like new, with box and pouch - 2nd owner https://imgur.com/a/781ZxeM
Civivi Elementum SV:44
button lock - Micarta with stonewashed 14c28n - like new, no box or pouch - 2nd owner https://imgur.com/a/j7j5mAj
Kizer Quatch SV:49
New in box - first owner - not cut, carried, or disassembled - red linen Micarta with brass backspacer - n690 https://imgur.com/a/6rWLWAW
CJRB Feldspar SV:26
brown g10 and D2 - 2nd plus owner - like new in box https://imgur.com/a/jmki3ca
Spyderco Endura SV:65 great condition - tan aftermarket clip - sent to BGM by prior owner to get a regrind - this is super thin and slicey (but not used since regrind) - VG10 - no box or papers - 2nd owner https://imgur.com/a/3bLLk5I
Boker Castle Burg (Schloss Burg Castle) SV:161/TV:259
This is the Club
model (slipjoint) - New in box - not carried, cut, or modified - comes with all original paperwork and box - Number 040/1133 (1133 is the year the castle was finished that the scales are from) - Information about the Castle Burg Series and stats for this knife: https://www.bokerusa.com/club-knife-castle-burg-113909
BGS Customized Victorinox fixed blade SV:23
2nd owner - used by prior owner - still very sharp - stainless steel - custom tsukamaki wrap (the wraps alone are 49 on Etsy) - sheath included with ranger bands for easy deployment https://imgur.com/a/XyXhYCL
ToNife Gent-H Paring Knife SV:20 2nd owner - solid pairing knife with nice kydex sheath and cord - strong bolster construction - high polished blade - 5Cr15MoV - light use https://imgur.com/a/FJA21Qt
M_S_Barker (on IG) copper utility knife SV:23
2nd owner - handmade - skull on one side and stars on the other side - replaceable blade - great condition https://imgur.com/a/rDMxXPN
Brass DC Bottle Opener SV:41
comes with ACEdc pouch https://imgur.com/a/p3x9Yid
Top DZ Metal Toys Brass topB SV:104
lightly used brass fidget slider - only 50 made in this configuration - comes with OG box Photos: https://imgur.com/a/lamRiw8
and Video: https://imgur.com/a/DVTm9UM
Muyi Soundwave Nano SV:77
(stonewashed stainless steel with serial number 231) - new - first owner - comes with extra hardware, screwdriver, and stickers - I’m attaching a video of the same type of fidget, but made in brass (the one you are purchasing is the stainless steel version that is still sealed in the packaging from the manufacturer) Link to Etsy with additional detail on this item: https://www.etsy.com/listing/1290465714/muyi-cyber-mecha-sound-wave-nano-fidget
Photos and Video: https://imgur.com/a/GjRjr7y
Porsche Carbon Fiber Pen SV:26
Rollerball carbon fiber pen (ink cartridge is replaceable) - not carried, but has been used to write a few post it notes https://imgur.com/a/xAAolJ8
5 Patches and 2 Pouches SV:26
all are new, unused - The pouches are small slips made of leather. The patches are all Velcro backed https://imgur.com/a/gSrQmRl
Buck 263 HiLine SV: Free if you let me know you want it and buy at least 3 other items
Like new - 2nd owner - no box https://imgur.com/a/XdOd4Uq
Thanks for looking!
submitted by nhenke84
to Knife_Swap [link] [comments]
2023.06.01 21:57 Normal_Air1603 it’shh GOLLLLLD! YG Cartier Tank Solo Large k11f
2023.06.01 21:55 mindsetferg [Japanese>English] Scale model translation
| || |
I'm looking to build a scale model and this section comes up. These pieces don't have the lettenumber to go with it so I have no clue how to build the piece... submitted by mindsetferg to translator [link] [comments]
The previous step (8) had nothing to do with that piece.
2023.06.01 21:51 Givemekarmaornotcool Been thinking about the future of this thing, and how we can improve it.
The creator of this has built something great, but it can get even better. Currently it’s essentially just a chat bot, never does anything happening in the sponge world effect their conversation. I’m thinking this show could diverge and start having real episode plots. I don’t have much coding knowledge but I’m just brainstorming.
To begin, I think we should split the live stream into episodes, each episode should last maybe 5 minutes. Each episode begins with a title card generated by AI, and there is a counter on top of the screen displaying the episode number and title.
The episode would start by the AI generating a plot, like “mr krabs stuck in a tree” or “sandy and squidward are having an affair, let’s catch them in the act.” The episodes would stick to one plot instead of jumping from idea to idea with no consistency.
Once the plot is formed, certain characters will be given their actions that connect to the plot. Characters will advance the plot and the AI can change the story over time. Of course the episodes will still have funny conversations, which is a staple of the show, but they will be more like side bits of the main plot.
For this a lot more interior models need to be made, a lot more props, and characters. The AI will need more training too.
Of course this will take a shit ton of effort, I know the creator has already put a ton of effort into it already but I think this is the future of AI. It’s pretty easy to guess that most future tv episodes will be AI generated, could this be the start?
Also Patrick just admitted to kicking a puppy
submitted by Givemekarmaornotcool
to ai_sponge [link] [comments]
2023.06.01 21:45 fidelityportland TriMet's problems are exponentially worse than anyone is talking about
Public opinion of TriMet's decisions have been pretty mixed, mostly because TriMet's decisions are so convoluted that they can be a real challenge to understand. In reality, Metro and Portlanders need to have a bigger civic conversation about the future of TriMet, looking at the big picture. We have 3 looming existential crises of TriMet to be concerned about that are bigger than revenue dips, crime, or homeless people.
Civic leaders and the public are focused on a quick "fix" for TriMet revenue drops - even though we've seen this coming for a long time, it's very predictable that TriMet's Board of Directors acts at the last minute. Also, very predictably, TriMet's Board opted for a fare increase because over the previous 20 years that's been a go-to answer to every problem (except for that one time they killed Fareless Square). The politically appointed boards of TriMet and Metro lack the unique specialized knowledge of the issues I'll bring up here. If TriMet knows about these larger issues, they're obviously burring it from public view. In the short term, increasing fares is like putting fresh paint on a house that's on fire; in this situation, that paint is HIGHLY flammable.
First - fare hikes as a tactic is a brain-dead move. Just the most utterly stupid and self-sabotaging response to a looming budget shortfall. I'm dwelling on this because it illustrates their terrible decision-making, which is functional proof they have no idea what they're doing. Some of the core reasons for this:
- Increasing fares reduces utilization. Higher cost means fewer people ride, which will decrease the ridership revenue. It will also marginally increase the number of people who won't pay (funny story, some of those who don't pay actually can't afford to). TriMet isn't a monopoly or inelastic service, and plenty of other choices exist that didn't exist 20 years ago: an actual bike share, scooters, electric bikes, UbeLyft, shared vehicles, and more bike paths. Before the pandemic, it was common that I would bus into downtown for work and then take a Lyft home because it wasn't all that expensive, like $8 more than a bus ride - TriMet's price increases make a system that wasn't very competitive simply less compelling.
- Across Portland we need to go through a process of austerity and downsizing government. I absolutely support Wheeler putting a pause on rate increases, but for God's sake, we have far too much largesse in every layer of government. If you need to learn what I'm talking about, read my old article on Parks & Rec. So many divisions/agencies have doubled their staff while reducing service levels. It's bonkers. Cutting throats needs to be an imperative. This is because the great majority of public sector employees in Oregon and Portland are incompetent, redundant, and only exist because Oregon and Portland have been reluctant to use automation. And I don't mean the cutting-edge AI stuff, I'm talking about people who still handle business processes as if they're paper forms. I could tell so many stories from my professional experience - but you'll have to take my word for it for now: culling this bureaucracy is the right move, and until there's a significant downsizing, the political class is taking none of the financial crisis or cost of living situation seriously.
- TriMet's operating budget/revenue is primarily Payroll Taxes, not passenger revenue. About 20-30% of TriMet's budget comes from people buying fares, whereas the bulk of money TriMet needs comes from payroll taxes that businesses pay directly. Because of this, transit activists (including myself) have been proponents of increasing the payroll taxes marginally to make TriMet free for riders. Of course, fareless transit comes with a wide variety of new and different problems (that's an article for another time). Still, when you understand that only a sliver of revenue comes from fares, increasing the fare simply results in a marginal increase in revenue. The much bigger problem is going to businesses investing outside of Metro, and changing workforces that 1) won't pay payroll taxes reliably, 2) don't need people to go into the office. Think about the longer-term game here: is TriMet's board going to increase fares as utilization drops and payroll taxes continually diminish? (See my point above about how their default answer is "yes" because it's the only politically expedient answer.)
Reading comments about the fare hikes, most of the public thinks TriMet is dealing with a safety or utilization issue. Both of these are 100% true: soft-on-crime progressives have wholly obliterated the working class perception of TriMet safety - there are so many different ways this has happened, but we should thank so many people in the media and political class: Ana del Rocio's crying wolf about racism in fare inspections (and the media entertaining it), or Mike Schmidt deinstitutionalizing of the justice system, or Legislature's inability to act on the massive mental health crisis and drug addiction crisis in Oregon. No matter the underlying cause, we have a system where deranged violent mentally ill tweakers can be disruptive on the train, but working-class people face a $250 fine if they can't afford a
($2.80) ticket. TriMet is less safe, especially the light rail and bus lines. We could hypothetically talk about various policy and infrastructure changes, such as turnstiles and security guards - but pragmatically, this won't do shit when our society has adopted a philosophy of transforming the urban core into an open-air insane asylum and opened the doors to the prisons. This safety issue is well beyond TriMet's scope, and even if there was consensus among TriMet and Metro to solve this, the entire justice system and Legislature is still broken.
Fare Hikes and Utilization is the Red Herring - Let's talk about TriMet's future
In reality, multiple design choices made decades ago set us up for failure. But we also have to thank brain-dead progressive lunatics and corrupt politicos who have steered our transit decision-making into the ground.
There are three specific issues I'm going to talk about, with each becoming more consequential and disastrous for TriMet:
- Hub and Spoke Design and the need for a redesign of the entire system to fit new commuting/transit patterns
- Portland Light Rail's short cars are a capacity problem not worth the price tag to fix
- Autonomous vehicles are here, and it's just going to get worse for TriMet
The strategic design of TriMet's system is broken, and it's been broken before.
If you looked at a map of TriMet's bus and rail system, you'd see a design pattern often referred to as a "Radial Design" or sometimes a "Hub And Spoke" design. The Hub and Spoke strategy is building our transit system around centralized locations to connect to other routes. For Portland the idea is to go downtown (or sometimes a Park and Ride) where you can connect to your next destination. This is why the majority of bus routes and all the max routes go downtown, to our Transit Mall and Pioneer Square.
Downtown planning was a smart idea in the 1960s when it was coupled with Main Street economic theory and prototype urban development zones - all of this wrapped up in the 1972 Downtown Plan policy. During these decades, the primary economic idea of urban revitalization was that downtown cores could provide better business climates and shopping districts that amplify economic activity synergistically. In other words, packing all the office jobs and luxury shopping in one area is good for workers, business, and civic planning.
All very smart ideas in yester-year, so TriMet became focused on serving the downtown business community myopically. This myopia became so paramount that it was considered illegitimate (actually taboo, borderline illegal) if you used a Park & Ride facility to park and NOT ride downtown. Amanda Fritz once explained that we couldn't expand Barbur Transit Center because that would result in students parking at Barbur Transit Center and riding the bus to PCC Sylvania. This view implies that TriMet exists only to service downtown workers, not the students, not the impoverished mom needing to go to a grocery store.
How does TriMet's hub and spoke design represent its purpose?
Portland's unspoken rule of transit philosophy is that jobs pay for the system (remember, business payroll taxes pay for most of it), so TriMet should be focused on serving people utilizing it for their job - employers pay for it, and they get value out of it. But this is both unspoken (never said aloud) and largely unobserved. The whole idea of TriMet as a social service to serve low-income people, to help impoverished people - well, those ideas were just lukewarm political rhetoric that is tossed out as soon as some Undesirable
with tattered clothing reeking of cigarettes gets aboard - then Portlanders jump right back "this is for workers only!" Sadly, there hasn't ever been a public consensus of why TriMet exists because I could equally argue that TriMet's purpose isn't serving the working class; it's actually vehicle emissions reductions - but here, too, reality contradicts that this is the purpose for why we operate TriMet. TriMet's real purpose seems to be "Spend money on lofty capital projects" and if we want to be cynical about it, we can elaborate "…because large capital projects enable grift, embezzlement, and inflating property values for developers.
We haven't always depended upon a hub and spoke design. A great article from Jarrett Walker written in 2010 on his Human Transit blog explains in "The Power and Pleasure of Grids
Why aren't all frequent networks grids? The competing impulse is the radial network impulse, which says: "We have one downtown. Everyone is going there, so just run everything to there." Most networks start out radial, but some later transition to more of a grid form, often with compromises in which a grid pattern of routes is distorted around downtown so that many parallel routes converge there. You can see this pattern in many cities, Portland for example. Many of the lines extending north and east out of the city center form elements of a grid, but converge on the downtown. Many other major routes (numbered in the 70s in Portland's system) do not go downtown, but instead complete the grid pattern. This balance between grid and radial patterns was carefully constructed in 1982, replacing an old network in which almost all routes went downtown.
Over the years the grid pattern was neglected in favor of a downtown-focused investment strategy. To a real degree it made practical sense: that's where the jobs were. But again, this is the presumption that TriMet and Mass Transit ought to service workers first, and there's not much consensus on that. But while we can't decide on TriMet's purpose, we can absolutely agree on one important thing: Downtown is dead.
No 5-star hotel is going to fix it. (As of writing, I'm not even convinced that this mafia-connected bamboozle of public fraud will open.) No "tough-on-crime" DA to replace Mike Schmidt, like Nathan Vasquez, will fix downtown. It's not JUST a crime problem: most of the problems we deal with today mirror the problems facing Portland in the 1960s, especially our inability to invest in good infrastructure people actually want to use. That's on top of crime, vandalism, and an unhealthy business ecosystem. IF
we want to maintain TriMet (and that's a big IF, for reasons I'll explain below), then it will be focused on something other than downtown. We need to move back to a grid-design transit system, as this is a much easier way to use transit to get around the city, no matter your destination. If TriMet continues to exist and operate fleets in 20-30 years, this is the only way it exists - because it will just be too inconvenient to ride downtown as a side quest to your destination, especially as we look at 10, 20, 30, 40 years from now.
Of course, we can only transform some parts of the transit infrastructure this way, and there are no uplifting and moving train tracks here. So light rail doesn't have a future in the grid system - but even without the grid system, light rail is doomed.
The fatal flaws of light rail in Portland.
I want to preface this by saying I like light rail as a strategy
, it's not a bad system or bad civic investment. I could write another 5,000-word essay on why Seattle did an excellent job with light rail and the specific decisions Portland made wildly incorrectly. In transit advocacy the wacktavists inappropriately categorized skeptics of Portland's light rail as some soft bigotry - as if you're racist if you don't like Portland's light rail - even though, ironically, most light rail systems tend to be built for the preference of white culture and white workers, precisely what happened here in Portland and most cities (but this is all a story for another time). Portland's light rail system has a capacity problem and has dealt with this capacity problem quietly for the last 20+ years.
When you see the capacity problem, you can quickly understand this light rail system won't work in the future. All the other smart cities in the world that designed light rail realized they needed big long trains to move many people. Portland decided to limit the train car length to the size of our city blocks to save construction costs - and this has always been a fatal flaw.
Portland's highest capacity train car is our Type 5, according to Wikipedia
it has a seating capacity of 72 and an overall capacity of 186 per train. Let's compare:
- Washington DC has 6-car trains capable of carrying 120 passengers per car, or 720 per train.
- Salt Lake City has a 4-car train capable of carrying 230 passengers per car, or 920 per train.
- Seattle's Link system has a 3 or 4-car train, each capable of carrying approximately 200 passengers per car, so 600 to 800 per train.
Portland's light rail lines have roughly the same people moving capacity as a single lane
of a highway, maybe marginally more, maybe marginally less. These other cities have a light rail system that can move the same amount of people as an entire 3-lane highway.
You might suspect that Portland could simply run trains more frequently - but nah, that's impossible because the trains run through the central core of downtown Portland, and they're blocked by the real interfaces with road traffic and bottlenecks. TriMet/PBOT/Metro has offered rosy ideas that we could hypothetically run cars every 90 seconds, 2 minutes, 4 minutes, or 6 minutes (depending upon who you ask) - but these are garbage numbers invented out of thin air. For example, you could stand at Pioneer Courthouse Square at 4:50pm on a Wednesday in 2016 - there was a train opening doors to load passengers, and you could visibly see the next train at Pioneer Place Mall pulling into the station behind. Trains were running at approximately a 3 to 4 minute at peak - but on paper, TriMet will claim anything, as they don't give a shit about lying to the public. But the bigger problem is that trains were full.
You might have to wait 90 minutes to find a train that offers a seat. And god forbid you had a bike.
I'm not making this very real capacity problem, Metro even acknowledges
At the busiest hours of the day, 40 light rail trains must cross the river and traverse downtown – one train every 90 seconds. As the region grows and the demand for light rail increases, the region will need at least 64 MAX trains through downtown every hour, more than one train each minute. Our current system can't support that change.
Suppose you're silly enough to trust government propaganda. In that case, you can read the details of Metro study on this in 2019
. If we assumed their numbers added up, it's just fucking impossible to run 62 trains per hour, because passenger loading and unloading can take a full minute (sometimes longer). So unless we want to apply substantial g-forces onto the passengers, the train isn't accelerating out of the stops fast enough. Not to mention how unreliable this whole system would be if a sole tweaker, bike rider, or person with a stroller held up the system for 2 minutes.
This is why the bottom line needs to be upfront about capacity - quoting Metro's study here:
Today MAX is limited to 2-car trains because of the length of downtown city blocks. A tunnel could allow for longer trains if the stations outside the downtown core are retrofitted. In the long-term, this could greatly increase MAX capacity.
Do you see that trick? Build a tunnel, yes - but the entire system has to be retrofitted. Literally every light rail station would need to be redesigned, the lines themselves recalculated for larger heavier trains - and extending platforms at Willow Creek might be simple enough, but how in the living fuck is Metro going to afford to expand the Zoo stop? Doubling the size of that platform would cost $500 million alone.
If the city weren't full of cheap dipshits, we would have elevated or buried our light rail lines in the 1980s or 90s, enabling longer train cars to run. Yes, we all knew back then that it was the best practice not to have light rail running on the street - it's less safe, less reliable, runs slower, and limits train car size. Oops.
Just to keep TriMet's own bullshit inflated utopian vision, it would mean spending another billion dollars just to unfuck downtown, bypass an aging bridge, and potentially allow a marginally higher volume of trains - which again is a band-aid on a mortal wound.
The real buried lede is that to add extra train cars means retrofitting all the stops in the system
- that's tens of billions of dollars
. You can argue costs, but Metro knows we need to do this. It means shutting down the system for a year or years while construction and retrofits happen. It's fucking outrageous. Is this system worth of people per line worth 20, 30, or 40 billion dollars? Fuck no, it ain't. Again, if we had a raging metropolis of industry and commerce downtown, we could reasonably entertain the idea for a moment - but we don't and never will again.
Some folks might argue that if we kill off the light rail system we'd lose out on all those lucrative Transit Oriented Developments. Originally the public was told that Transit Oriented Development strategy would cause a massive infusion of private investment because the light rail was so damn lucrative and desirable for Richard Florida's Creative Class. Turns out the Creative Class is now called today the Laptop Class, and they don't give a flying fuck about street cars, light rail, or walking scores - because most can't be bothered to put pants on during their "commute" from bed to desk. TOD was all a fantasy illusion from the beginning, as multiple studies about Portland commuters showed that college-educated white folks riding Max were equally comfortable riding their bike as a substitute for the same commute. All of these billions of dollars was to accommodate white fare-weather bikers. So here's my hot take on transit: pave over the rail lines and put in bike lanes, and boy, then you'd have a bike system to give folks like Maus a hardon. But of course, Bike Portland would complain because their focus isn't biking; they exist only to favor all poorly thought utopian transit ideas.
Another group of Max/TOD advocates would claim that TOD is better for disabled and impoverished people. And yeah, there's truth there, but see my entire argument above about the Hub & Spoke design of TriMet being the antithesis of transit as a social service. If you believe that TriMet should serve low-income people, you must advocate for a bus-centric grid design.
But even if you're a die-hard believer in light rail - there's another inevitable reality coming that is the nail in the coffin.
Autonomous vehicles will replace mass transit faster than the automobile replaced the horse.
I work in advanced technology, and the thing about tech is that the public and politicians deny that it's going to be there until the majority of the public finally experiences it. You could say this about personal computers, internet, cloud compute, electric cars, smartphones, distributed ledger (cryptocurrency), AI, and driverless vehicles.
Schrodinger's technology doesn't exist until it's measured in an Apple store or your mother asks you for tech support.
No one thought AI was really
real until ChatGPT did their kid's homework, and today most people are coming to terms with the fact that ChatGPT 3.5 could do most people's jobs. And that's not even the most advanced AI, that's the freeware put out by Microsoft, they have paywalls to access the real deal.
In 2018 I rode in my colleague's Tesla in self-driving mode from downtown Portland to Top Golf in Hillsboro. We started our journey at the surface parking lot on the west side of the Morrison Bridge. He used his phone to tell the car to pull out of the parking spot and to pick us up. Then he gave the car the address, and it drove us the entire way without any human input necessary. The only time he provided feedback was to touch the turn signal to pass a slow car on the highway. People think self-driving isn't here - but it is - and it's gotten exponentially better and will continue to do so. People will complain and moan about idealized, utopian, pedantic "level 5" full self-driving, how none of it exists or could exist, as a Tesla passes them on the road and the driver is half asleep.
Of course, Portland and every major city have also thought deeply about self-driving technology, and a few places have implemented self-driving solutions - but so far, none of these are really at scale. Though it will be a short time before cost-conscious cities go all-in.
TriMet kicked around the idea of using an autonomous bus for a leg of the trip of the Southwest Corridor project, connecting a segment of the light rail route to the community college. It was bafflingly stupid and short-sighted to think they could use it in this niche application but that it wouldn't open the floodgates for a hundred different applications that eviscerate TriMet's labor model. The simplest example of autonomous operation would be to operate the light rail systems - because they don't make turns, all we need is an AI vision service to slam on the breaks if necessary - that technology has existed for 20+ years. We could retrofit the entire train system in about 3 to 6 months - replace every Max operator with a security guard, and maybe people would ride the Max again? But I digress. Let's speculate about the far-future, some 5, 10, or 20 years from now:
your transit options will expand significantly. The cost will decrease considerably for services using automated vehicles.
You'll look at your options as:
- Drive to work: fastest, takes $100+ worth of gas a month, but you also need $50+ for insurance and $500+ for the monthly car payment, plus those surprise maintenance and broken windows. Also, do you pay for parking? Pick a number for how much it costs to drive your personally owned and manually operated vehicle to work each month.
- Autonomous vehicle service: price TBA, but think of how much an Uber costs when you don't have to pay the driver, you don't have to pay for gas. An Uber that runs for $20 today would likely be $10 or less. So, to and from work 20 times a month, $200. $300? Ok, let's just say it's $400 a month. It's still all cheaper than owning a car and driving it to work. No parking fees, and it picks you up quickly enough that it's not a nuisance.
- Mass Transit: $150 per month, but ugghhh it's slow, it smells like piss, a guy jacked off in your hair, and you can't schedule a meeting for the first 30 minutes of your anticipated workday in case you miss a connection - and it breaks so often the government actively hides the reliability data from the public and media.
Just a few years into this future we'll see a brand new trend, one that already exists: a shared autonomous vehicle like a privately operated bus. For example, Uber Bus - it already exists as a commuter option in some cities, it's just not autonomous yet. The significant benefit of an autonomous bus is that these shared vehicles will utilize HOV lanes very commonly, and commuting in an autonomous vehicle will be as fast as driving to work in your manually operated car while also being less expensive.
Simultaneously automobile accidents in autonomous vehicles will be virtually non-existent, and insurance companies will start to increase prices on vehicles that lack AI/smart assisted safety driving features. Public leaders will see the value of creating lanes of traffic on highways dedicated explicitly to autonomous vehicles so that they can drive at much higher speeds than manually operated traffic. Oregon won't lead the way here, but wait until Texas or one of the Crazy States greenlights a speed limit differential, and self-driving vehicles have a speed limit of 90, 120, or 150 miles per hour. You might think "accidents would be terrible and deadly" but there will be fewer accidents in the autonomous lane than in manual lanes. At this point, it will be WAY faster to take an autonomous vehicle to your work.
Purchasing power of consumers will decrease while the cost of vehicles will increase (especially autonomous vehicles), making ownership of any vehicle less likely. Frankly, the great majority of people won't know how to drive and will never learn to - just like how young people today don't know how to use manual transmission. However, fleets of autonomous vehicles owned by companies like Tesla, Uber, and Lyft will benefit from scale and keep their autonomous bus fleets operating at low cost. This will lead to a trend where fewer and fewer people will own an automobile, and fewer people even bother learning how to drive or paying the enormous insurance cost.... while also depending upon automobiles more than we do today.
Eventually, in the distant future, manually driven vehicles will be prohibited in urban areas as some reckless relic from a bygone era.
Cities and public bodies don't have to be cut out of this system if they act responsibly. For example, cities could start a data brokering exchange where commuters provide their commuting data (i.e., pick-up point, destination, arrival time). The government uses either a privatized fleet or a publicly owned fleet of autonomous vehicles to move as many people as possible as often as possible. Sort of a publicly run car-pool list - or a hyper-responsive bus fleet that runs for the exact passengers going to exact locations. A big problem companies like Uber, Lyft, and Tesla will have is that they'll lack market saturation to optimize commuting routes - they'll be able to win unique rides, but the best way they can achieve the lowest cost service model is these super predictable and timely commuter riders. The more data points and riders, the more optimization they can achieve. These companies can look at the data for as many people as possible and bid for as many routes as possible - optimizing for convenience, time, energy usage, emissions, etc. The public will voluntarily participate if this is optimized to get the cheapest ride possible. If the government doesn't do this, the private sector will eventually.
As a parallel, no one today even considers how Metro runs garbage collection. No one cares. And if you didn't like Metro's trash service, if you needed a better service for unique needs, you go procure that on your own. Likewise, you wouldn't care about the quality of the commuting trip as long as it's up to some minimal standards of your class expectations, it's reliable, nearly as quick as driving your own vehicle, and it seems reasonably affordable.
If the public ran this data exchange, fees could subsidize lower-income riders. This is a theory on what a TriMet like system or mass transit system could look like in a primarily autonomous world where most people don't own their own or drive an automobile.
This system would be far from perfect, opening up all sorts of problems around mobility. However, it's hard to see how autonomous vehicles will not obliterate the value proposition of mass transit.
Another narrative on the same story.
As the working class moves to autonomous vehicles, transit agencies will collect fewer and fewer fares - prices and taxes will rise, creating a cycle of failure. As a result, some cities will make buses self-driving to cut costs. It could start with Tokyo, Shanghai, Oslo, et al. Again, it's unlikely that Portland or Oregon will be the first movers on this, but when cities start laying off hundreds of mass transit operators and cutting fares to practically nothing, there will be substantial public pressure to mimic locally. It will be inhumane
, it will be illiberal
, to make those impoverished bus-riding single mothers pay premiums. As most of the fleet becomes autonomous, responsive, and disconnected from labor costs, the next question arises: why do we still operate bus routes? Why big buses instead of smaller and nimble vehicles?
This alternative story/perspective leads to the same outcome: we figure out where people are going and when they need to get there - then dispatch the appropriate amount of vehicles to move that exact number of people as efficiently as possible.
But our local government getting its act together on all this is outside the world of possibility.
In a practical sense, we're going to see history repeat itself. Portland's mass transit history is about private and public entities over-extending themselves, getting too deep in debt on a flawed and outdated idea. As a result, the system collapses into consolidation or liquidation. Following this historical pattern, TriMet/Metro won't respond to changing conditions fast enough, and laughably stupid ideas like cranking up taxes or increasing ridership fares will continue to be the only option until the media finally acknowledges these groups are insolvent. I just hope we don't spend tens of billions of dollars propping up this zombie system before we can soberly realize that we made some mistakes and these vanity-laden projects 20 and 30 years ago need to die.
You see, the biggest flaw with TriMet isn't the design, it needs to be outpaced by technology, it's that the people making decisions at TriMet and Metro are going to make the politically expedient decisions, not the right decisions. They won't redesign, and they won't leverage technology for cost savings, so this charade will just get going along until the media simply declares they're insolvent.
Back to fares for a second - the media happily reprints TriMet's horseshit take about "The higher fares will bring in an estimated $4.9 million in annual revenue starting next year, the report says.
" Just sort of amazing to me there's no skepticism about this number - but most spectacular is no media considerations about alternative solutions. For example, I could tell TriMet how to save $9,548,091
next year - a useless program primarily utilized by white middle-class folks who own alternative methods of transport - and this would inconvenience way less transit-dependent people than raising fares. But, that's off the table - we're not even developing a decision matrix for when we kill the blackhole of money known as WES.
submitted by fidelityportland
to PortlandOR [link] [comments]
2023.06.01 21:42 Trenchfox_1917 Done to Death and yet it lives again: Medic class
Look, I've been playing for years. When I was a greenbeard I used to think it would be great if new classes were added to the game. Then as I played for longer I came to believe that the 4 class model was perfect as is. Now I think there is room for new classes. Not just one new class, but many, at least 2. Even with two additional classes the number of potential team comps excluding repetitions jumps from 1 at 4 to 15 at 6. If the developers ever end up going that route here is a concept for a medic class that I believe would fit well into the existing game. Sorry it is medic yet again but there is a reason it keeps getting suggested: it opens up new conceptual space. If new classes are ever added perhaps some of these concepts can be added to other classes in the form of alternate equipment.
The medic is a mid-heavy combatant that can use a gyropack for mobility and deploy healing drones to revive and top off allies.
Gyropack: Selecting this equipment slot causes a collapsible antenna with rotary blades to extend from the top of the medic's pack. Two control sticks emerge from near the medic's waist on either side that he grabs on to. While using the gyropack the medic cannot fight or mine as both of his hands are occupied. Left mouse for ascending, right mouse for descending, and aerial movement is controlled via the directional keys. Prolonged use of the gyropack will cause it to overheat and there is a delay between uses. It is used for maneuvering around the battlefield quickly in short bursts to get where you want to go. It is also useful for getting up to platforms for mining. There is a short delay before activation on equip meaning you have to be quick to catch yourself while falling. This gyropack really shines with the addition of jetboots as you can alternate between jetboots and the gyropack for aerial combat and stunts.
Healing Drone: This healing drone works similar to the Gunner's shield in that it deploys for a limited duration, must recharge between uses, and has a limited number of uses replenished upon resupply. While deployed the healing drone will prioritize downed allies, seeking them out and reviving them. If no allies are down, it will go around topping off the dwarf with the least health. If everyone is at full health, it simply hangs out by the medic. It can only perform one revive per deployment. When its duration has ended it returns to the medic.
Primary Weapon Examples
The medic's primary weapons can be classified as squad support weapons. They aren't as heavy as the gunner's but are heavier than the scout's.
- Light machine gun: A magazine fed light machine gun with a reload on the longer side, consistent spread, and a small movement speed penalty while firing.
- Rocket Gun: A multi rocket magazine fed rocket launcher. Holding the trigger allows you to lock on your shots.
Secondary Weapon Examples
The medic's secondary weapons are sidearms somewhere between Gunner's and Driller's in terms of size.
- Signal Gun: A single shot pistol that launches a burning swirling firework that detonates at the end of a short duration. It can stick on enemies doing fire damage in an area and fearing the enemy its stuck to. (think a traditional single shot flare gun)
- Magnum handgun: A desert eagle style pistol somewhere between the subata and bulldog in terms of stopping power.
The medic's throwables focus around buffing allies.
- Stim Pack: Throws a fluid filled grenade. Dwarves in the effect radius have increased rate of fire, reload/cooling speed, melee speed, and movement speed for a short duration.
Feel free to comment as you like with your own ideas or reasons why a new class would or wouldn't work.
submitted by Trenchfox_1917
to DeepRockGalactic [link] [comments]