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2023.06.06 14:42 Johnny_Boy398 Africa Rework Proposal: Bêafrîka, Katanga, and the Mercenary Kingdoms of Africa

Africa Rework Proposal: Bêafrîka, Katanga, and the Mercenary Kingdoms of Africa
(This is part of a continuing series, links to which will be provided in the comments below)
Bêafrîka State: Bob Denard, Jean-Bédel Bokassa and the mercenary state.
The term “warlord” has been abused by many as a catch all term for any armed african group. It brings to mind images of a barbaric, violent oaf seeking to enrich themselves with trinkets and money off the back of their military extortion: an example of the primitive and bloodthirsty nature of the african. This is certainly the purpose of the term for the Germans, who seek to paint all native armed resistance in this light in order to justify their own return to the continent. But despite this abuse of the term, and its unjust application, it is not made up out of whole cloth: bandits, criminal gangs and short sighted thugs do exist among the africans as they do in all people, and the chaos of the German collapse has given these characters the opportunity of a lifetime. In the former RK Zentralafrika this is seen most clearly in the “mercenary state” of Bêafrîka.
Borders of a successful Bêafrîka. Many post-colonial African nations are accused of being artificial: random lines drawn on a map for the convenience of foreigners, and thus doomed to be either failures or exploitive facades. The truth of this statement is debatable: what makes a nation “organic”, is it truly critical that one be so? Are the struggles of new African nations so easily encapsulated? The argument goes on but all will agree on this: Bêafrîka is an utterly artificial and extractive state which can only begrudgingly be called a nation at all.
The north-west of Zentralafrika has always been something of a hodgepodge. The initial conquest of the area from the Free French meant the roll back of any “nation building” expenditures in favor of reverting back to the old company rule. Corvee slavery, plantations and almost non-existent infrastructure was the rule even under the French, and as such the transition to German ownership was almost seamless. If the average native african noticed a difference at all it was in the flags and helmets of the whites who terrorized them: their managers and guards stayed essentially the same. As such the region was seen by independence agitators as ripe for their own movements to grow in. Though such resistance was kept on a tight leash by the Germans it finally burst forth in the northern incursion of 1954. Supported by Nigeria and with the German forces drawn thin by the ongoing Wester Russian War, socialist militants made a lightning strike southward in the hopes of toppling Zentralafrika. For a moment it seemed as if they would do it: the road to Leopoldville was only lightly guarded and the rebel numbers were, in theory, vast. But it was not to be: poor command structures and infighting slowed the rebel advance for long enough that Kommissar Krogmann and Seigfreid Muller were able to reorganize and counterattack with the aid of a new breed of soldier: the Mercenary.
Though having been present in the role of corporate security for years this war was the instance when the Congo Mercenaries truly became a force to be reckoned with. Restrictions on who could hold a gun were dropped and the ranks of mercs swollen with Europeans, Asians and Africans. Though typically small groups and far more independent than Krogmann would have liked, they were all well acquainted with their trade and often brought along their own equipment. They could move fast, hit hard, and there was no reason to suspect their siding with the revolutionaries. With the aid of mercenaries and the cash of selling off vast tracts of land to private holders the revolutionaries were pushed back, and the long guerilla war began. Some areas of Zentralafrika were essentially passive, or had other security solutions. But in the north it was the mercenaries and the garrison which enforced the German order. Names of these men would soon become minor celebrities to the military minded, and their benefactor Seigfreid Muller got a promotion. But for our story only three names matter: the French “mercenary king” Bob Denard, “black Napoleon” Jean-Bédel Bokassa, and “the tiger” Alexandre Banza.
Though it is the armed men who hold real power in their hands, the counter-revolutionary forces are not all German and French soldiers of fortune. The APL’s anti-clerical excesses and radical nativism also alienated the thin class of native collaborators and most of all the catholic church. Barthelemy Boganda was one such native conservative, being a native priest who has tried to act through the church to both reform and aid his flock. After the death of his mentor Marcel Grandin Boganda has become a leading figure of pro-native reform without resorting to violence or leftist radicalism.
With the alliance of French and German landowners paying for their protection the mercenaries, though still technically led by Europeans, became the foremost armed presence in the north. Battling against resistance internal and external by 1962 they have become a hated and envied force, and one which Krogmann is eager to bring into line. But the South Africa War will get in the way of any reforms, with mercenaries once again being called on to shoulder the burden of warfare and internal suppression. By the end of the conflict, no matter how it ends, the mercenaries will have become an even more entrenched force in Zentralafrika. Of course when Huttig takes over this will no longer be tolerated. Having already been humiliated by Muller before, Huttig will take great pleasure in dismissing and rounding up the mercenaries, forcing them to join his forces as regular conscripts without any special privileges. Or rather he would, if he had been fast enough to catch them. When news came of Krogmann’s death and Huttig’s assumption of control the mercenaries did not wait for the order to come: they fled if they were able, and if not they seamlessly transitioned from paid agents of the state to new warlords out for their own survival and enrichment. And more than anyone they congregated around the new king of the mercenaries: Bob Denard.
For the year Huttig’s reign lasts the gangs of former mercenaries will be yet another thorn in his side: raiding, bribing and leading his forces on goose chases. And thanks to Huttig’s destruction of any boats or airplanes he could not gain control over these same former mercenaries had nothing else they could do, unless they cared to gamble trekking all the way to Free France. But Huttig’s flailing attempts to bring them to heel was only one of many threats: in this same area socialist militants and petty warlords also sprung up, and sought to destroy the hated mercenaries themselves. When Huttig dies and the German forces retreat to Leopoldville all pretense will be dropped: the Pan-africans, Fang Gabonese and Cameroonian revolutionaries will all attempt to proclaim new states and to expel the gangsters of German capitalism for good. But with their attention divided and the mercenaries still possessing skill, fire power, and all the money the old landowners could scrap together the attempt will only be half successful. Right between the three of them the new Bêafrîka State will be proclaimed.
Born in 1929 Bob Denard first got the taste for battle during the French State’s failed expeditions against De Gaulle in the late 40s. Deciding that there was better pay and better leadership to be had in Zentralafrika he was one of the first mercenaries brought in through the “King of the Mercs” Siegfried Müller. Though he has little patience for the Reich’s racial code he is a brave commander and an ardent anti-communist. After Müller’s disappearance upon Hüttig’s ascension the stranded mercenaries looked to those bold and skilled enough to lead them, and found it in Denard.
Under the nominal presidency of Boganda, who was practically kidnaped to take the role, the new state is in perhaps the most precarious position of all post-independence states.Their domestic support rests on a incredibly thin strata of white landlords, a handful of native conservatives and a mercenary army which is already looking for a way out the back door. And opposing them is a very dedicated coalition of native nationalists and revolutionaries. It would be the most natural thing in the world for this ramshackle “state” to disintegrate. But there is one thing which can unite them, and can make them all take the risk of fighting it out: Money. Specifically diamonds, gold, and other precious metals which can be sold high on the global market. The mercenaries, native or foreign, have struck for fame in Bêafrîka with the process of becoming more than the lap dogs of the wealthy, but instead to be the wealthy themselves. Baganda hates this of course, but no one asked: the guns call the shots here. And besides, the APL has already branded him a traitor to the people: in the mercenaries' eyes he should be thankful that he still has his head. And so it is decided, the mercenaries would make their own little heaven, and all they had to do to keep it was win the war for it.
Against them stands the APL, their long-time adversary. When the war begins these Pan-africanists, supported by Cameroon and Nigeria, will take the fight to Bêafrîka. This would probably be a death sentence if it were not for the fact the APL is fighting a two front war with the Nationalists to their east. If the mercenary state should still fail it will be dismantled, with the surrounding states taking over its former territory. But if it should win this first war the gamble will have, for now, paid off. Bob, Bokassa and the rest will be able to begin bringing in the money as they use outright criminal methods to both extract and then sell the bounty of the land. The people, of course, hate this as does the nominal “president”. And within the mercenary ranks new fissures will soon begin to show. When faced with a united enemy these men were willing to work together, but now that the threat of death no longer hands quite so close the question of dividing the spoils has quickly turned into a feeding frenzy: it seems to be every mercenary clique for itself trying to carve out its own privileged fiefdom. And it is here that the reformists, such as they are, spy an opportunity.
Alexandre Banza, born 1932 to the Gbaya people, is one of the very few high ranking officers who have a ethnic connection to the land they now rule. His story is much the same as the rest of the black mercenaries: born to a poor family he saw mercenary service as a path to excitement, respect and advancement he would never get on his own. Intelligent, ambitious, and unscrupulous he would rise to become a commander of his own group before the Huttig takeover, and should he take power will rename his state the Bêafrîka Republic, embarking on a cynical campaign of “reform”.
The continued presence of white mercenaries is especially resented by the people, and none more so than commander of the presidential guard and de facto leader of the Bêafrîka State Bob Denard. As such soon after the emergency of war has passed Denard will be dismissed from his position and the two most prominent native warlords Alexandre Banza and Jean-Bédel Bokassa will be invited in to take command. Denard of course has no interest in leaving, and will arrest the president in his own residence, but not before word of the new decree leaked to the streets and the other mercenaries. So it is that the fate of Bêafrîka will be decided the only way a state built on mercenaries could be: with a shootout for control of the president. On one side is Denard: he has already made overtures to Free France and the OFN, as well as criminal contacts in Europe. By leveraging these contacts, and with the aid of the remaining white mercenaries who see his removal as the precursor to their own, he may be able to fight his way out and rise to power over the bodies of his rival warlords.
If Bob Denard and his presidential guard emerges victorious president Boganda’s days will be numbered. Unceremoniously removing and replacing him with a more compliant puppet who I will not even bother you with the name of, any promised elections will be delayed, and then delayed indefinitely. In the end even the facade of democracy will be left behind as the government instead relies on various emergency decrees and under the table deals, as well as outright coercion to cement its power. This is the true mercenary state, in which the armed and powerful take what they want from the weak and destitute: the state will see its revenues come from precious minerals and eventually oil, but just as much from the underground world of smuggling, arms trading, mercenary contracts on behalf of any who will pay, and even (if rumors are to be believed) human trafficking. Denard himself is not so unsophisticated as many of his henchmen: he portrays himself and his state as anti-communist crusaders who are willing to go to the ends of the earth to protect the people from the bolshevik menace. But it makes no difference to the people and to his neighborhood: unless those friendly to him such as the Free French and the Belgian regionalists are victorious both Denard and his state will find themselves facing external invasion sooner or later. When that happens, surrounded by disciplined enemies and facing ever increasing internal revolts, Denard will do what mercenaries do best: he will gather what valuables and guns he can before fleeing. But if this should not happen: if the Congo should remain shattered, and Nigerian ambitions fail, who knows how long the dream may last?
Living as they do in a half criminal status all mercenaries are well acquainted with the underworld. Under Bob however the state itself will come to resemble a crime syndicate, with Bob acting as the Mafia boss. More than any other single resource diamonds are the breadwinner for the “White King of Bêafrîka”, but taking a page out of Manchuria’s playbook drug production and trafficking are increasingly filling the ledger as well. The diplomatic denouncements are nothing: there are always back doors which money can open.
But all this is only if Bob and his people should win the battle for President Boganda. For the first time having the full backing of the streets and with a larger manpower pool to draw from it is likely that the native warlords Alexandre Banza and Jean-Bédel Bokassa will become the victors, chasing out the (competition) colonizers in favor of their own rule. They shall of course be rewarded by the eternally thankful president for their good deeds: Bokassa will take over as the new head of the presidential guard, while Banza will become minister of finance and foreign minister. But just as inevitably there is no throne on earth big enough for two people and so the former allies will soon look for a way to oust the other. The hope of the civilians lay in the victory of the Alexandre Banza clique. If he should succeed in arresting and disappearing his rivals Banza will seek to somewhat moderate the state. Rather than rely on naked coercion he will enforce the most basic of social contracts: in return for the country's obedience he will provide protection. Though the basic facts of the Bêafrîka State shall remain: a thriving underground, an economy based on raw export, and a army of criminals, the worst aspects of this rule will be softened and the “civilianization” of government give cosmetic reform to the regime, and finally permit the nominal president a level of dignity, even being allowed to push some of his catholic inspired social reforms. Though not much more than swapping a military uniform for a business suit this will go some way to providing a sense of normalcy, and allow the state to take a non-aligned stance rather than become the plaything of some foreign power.
On the other hand is the favorite of the soldiers Jean-Bédel Bokassa. You know him as the “mad” emperor of the C.A.R. otl, but there was always a method to his madness: one cannot remain in power for over a decade by being stupid. Where Banza seeks to normalize his regime and to be seen as a developmental junta rather than a warlord, Bokassa will lean into his reputation as a warlord, adding esoteric elements to bolster his rule over strangers. Under Bokassa the new system will be entirely personal: he will take the already weak state apparatus and effectively dismantle it, instead relying on personalized dependents to govern the capital city, and leaving the remainder of the country to its own devices so long as it bent the knee when ordered. No longer able to convincingly portray himself as a benign figure to a people who are mostly foreigners to him, he will instead tap into local superstitions to appear as the master of the occult, ruling as a man to be feared even beyond the grave and allegedly indulging in cannibalism. Perhaps even more importantly however he will make a hard switch from western backing to eastern, seeking the protection and the money of Japan. In this at least he will be fairly competent: negotiating the relationship with Japan through a mixture of bribery, utility, and threatened confiscations to wring out as much foreign aid and diplomatic backing as he can. Beyond this his rule will be one of chaos and decline with the people seeing their standard of living decrease yet further to a near subsistence level. But it will be a chaos which Bokassa alone is the ruler of.
Jean-Bédel Bokassa has been fighting longer than most: volunteering for the Free French during WW2, he was captured and ultimately released during the German conquest of Gabon. From there he drifted as a menial laborer until the northern insurrection forced the Reichskommissar to bend, and Bokassa was called up by an old french commander. From there he rose to be the de-facto head of his own suit by 1962, and now the undisputed leader of his own fiefdom. The extreme personalism and close relation with Japan will eventually result in his coronation as the sovereign of the Central African Empire.
Whether it be cynical pragmatism or esoteric terror the Bêafrîka State will remain a pariah among their fellow african nations. Cameroon and Gabon will consistently attempt to undermine and take over their territory for themselves, while even the Germans will see any government as traitors and rebels. Though its military may find a backer and its people may become cowed, the incredibly fragile state will come to an end sooner than later, unless they get very lucky. Any Nigerian victory will be a disaster, but a successful unifyer to the south and east would be a great threat as well. They were already founded in the war against one of those potential unifiers and all contenders for power recognize that a united Congo is a dangerous Congo. So, either through direct aid in the case of Denard or cheering from the sidelines Bêafrîka must hope for the victory of the regionalists and Jean Schramme.
Katanga, the Regional Alliance, and “The Belgian”.
For the Pan-Africans, the Republicans, the Nationalists and even the Germans survival is not enough: they wish to reunite the old Belgian colony under their vision of the future, and perhaps even seek expansion beyond that. But not all “congolese” feel this way: in particular the province of Katanga sees no reason why it should not be free to plot its own course. Wealthy in its own right with economic ties to the south the elite of the mining provence see no reason why they should be chained to a central government, and are at least partially supported in this by the people. Just what future this “independence” takes is is still up for grabs, but in the chaotic aftermath of Huttings death Moïse Tshombe, Albert Kalonji and Jean Schramme will form a triumvirate to lead the Regional Alliance.
Élisabethville slum. Katanga is the richest province in the Congo, as well as the one with the highest concentration of Belgians, and as such has seen the beginning of a modern city develop in its capital. It has also been the prime region for victims of the Congo Dam to migrate into, on account of its relative stability and high labor demand. This has all combined to put a great deal of pressure on those populating the land south of the lake and the development of modern slums alongside the growing city.
Katanga is, in 1962, the last remnant of Belgian colonial rule left after the German takeover. Not formally of course, that had been swept away along with Belgum itself in the 50s. But just beneath the German surface the old colonial trinity of church, company and stick still held true, and mostly under Belgian control. In the aftermath of WW2 and the establishment of Burgundy many Belgians had chosen to migrate into their old colonial territory, either for political or economic reasons. Their numbers would soon fill out the officer ranks of the Force Publique, the managerial posts of various new mines and plantations, and the pews of the catholic church. But it would not be the end of their difficulties: the old trinity clashed with Krogmann’s designs for the colony and after formally absorbing it in 1955 the contest began. Where the catholic church once held near total control over healthcare and education, not to mention religious life, Krogmann favored secularism for the european and promoted dechristianization for the native. His hopes for dissolving the FP and for removing french and dutch from the lexicon would be similarly resisted. By 1962 this contest of wills has continued to grind on, with the steady advance of germanization being constantly interrupted by economic and political expediency. The Belgian Katangaians find themselves stuck uncomfortably between German pressure from above and Native pressure from below.
This native pressure is on one hand from the educated evoles, always looking to improve the lot of themselves and sometime of their kin. But it also increasingly comes from the restless masses who have come under pressure from the fallout of the Congo Dam. As the Belgian congo moderately prospered the cities began to grow as well, with the colonial authorities making tentative attempts to accommodate the influx. But after the Congo dam and the German takeover both of these trends changed. Millions of refugees fled the great flood into the wealthiest regions they could go: Leopoldville and Katanga. The population of the cities exploded, and the subsistence agriculture still practiced by most Congolese came under incredible pressure as migrants and squatters proliferated. The Belgian authorities meanwhile were left without the resources needed to truly accommodate this change, and were left with only the Force Publique to try and keep the “indigenes” separate from the new “foreigners”. It was in this context that regionalist associations with the goal of protecting specific people, such as the Lula or Lunda, came to dominate the native political scene, such as it was. Both of these movements discovered that they had similar enemies: both resented German power and feared the “national” native resistance. But this did not yet mean they became allies.
Moïse Tshombe, the nominal head of Katanga. Born to a noble lineage and always wealthy, his desire to be liked and his lack of spin have made him into an ideal puppet for other interests. His current sponsor is the remnants of the old Belgian Union Minière, which comprise much of Katanga’s economy. Though not hated by any “his” government is in reality more beholden to his lieutenants such as Godefroid Munongo.
Katanga had lived in an atmosphere of tension even before the rise of Huttig and the advent of the “Afrikareich” did nothing to alleviate this tension. As part of Huttig’s program to fully disarm the natives and bring all armed forces under SS command he attempted to disarm the Force Publique and Belgian mercenaries, rolling them into its own armed forces. Prominent civilian Belgians were arrested and replaced with SS men, leaving both the Belgians and the natives angered. Under this new pressure some decided to give it up: the new regime could not be bargained with as the prior one was, and any resistance clearly meant death. But enterprising elements were not willing to take death laying down: most prominently this included Godefroid Munongo and Jean Schramme. Using their own wealthy connections and estates as payment they would form small resistance groups, and would be the first formal alliance between the Belgians and the regionalists. To cut a long story short when Huttig dies and the Germans retreat to Leopoldville, those SS governors who do not flee will find their lifespans much shorter than expected, and those brave or desperate enough to resist Huttig will return to power. In the face of nationalist calls to reunite the congo however, the regionalists will move first. With the lavish bribery of local mining conglomerates and the justification of “popular will”, the Belgian community led by Schramme and localist leaders will form the first concret result of their ad-hoc alliance: The State of Katanga.
In its first years Katanga is a divided and unsettled place, forced into unity by the common fear of external subjugation but beholden to competing political camps. The state itself is at least nominally led by Moïse Tshombe, descendant of the kings of the Lunda people and scion to one of the last wealthy native families. He is the figurehead of a poorly organized class of native elites and collaborators, most often independently wealthy and committed just as much to their own economic privileges as they are to the cause of regionalism itself. But despite this Tshombe heads the closest thing to a “popular movement” in the new state: the "Confédération des associations tribales du Katanga" (CONAKAT). Formed in the interest of protecting the livelihoods of the Lunda against the encroaching migrants it is through this party that the people are mobilized for war. Relying on traditional authority and elite connections in the name of a tribalism has been effective in at least countering the partisans of the republicans and nationalists which contest the provence. Just as in the other contenders the war is as much a mater of internal division as it is defeating external challenges. But in order to meet those external enemies the party has been obliged to do so with the aid of their “ally”, the Belgians.
Jean Schramme, despite his official profession, is less of a mercenary and more of a Belgian “contractor” who has a reputation for getting things done and resisting German encroachment. Coming to Africa soon after the end of WW2 he is part of a new breed of Belgians who consider Zentralafrika, or more accurately Katanga, as their true home and embrace the ideal of a paternal ruler of their “primitive” neighbors. Being a successful entrepreneur as well as part time leader of the “Leopard Battalion” Jean has become a prominent part of the Belgian expat community. But though he no longer wishes to return to Europe do not think he has forgotten what the Nazi’s did: the old motherland is dead by German hands, and he has not forgiven them.
Just as on the native side the Belgians are divided internally: German policy was frustrating and insulting, but it was also relatively stable and offered a protection against the natives surrounding them. To forgo this protection and risk battle with the world's superpowers in the name of an uncertain independence requires a boldness uncommon in men. But since when did the meek make history? Returning from his armed exile Schremme will find the FP and Belgian police in disarray, and take it upon himself to topple the last of the SS governors. In his mind there is no question: in order for the Belgians to be free and prosperous they must take the risk of rebellion against Germany and carve out their own state in the chaos. But despite his personal exploits he is unable to do this on his own, and so despite his personal distaste for allying with the native regionalists his own backers in the belgian mining and administrative class have forced him to make common cause with “their” evolese. Regardless Schremme has become the critical belgian commander in this rebelion, bringing the remainder of the belgian community with him whether they like it or not. He leads in a mercenary style, never far from the front lines and with a greater emphasis on personal bravery than more mundane things like logistics.
Though Katanga is the heart of the Regionalist Alliance it is still only one part of that alliance: to the eastern flank is Sud-Kasaï, led by Albert Kalonji as the vanguard state of the Luba secessionist movement. Both Kalonji and Tshombe claim to be protecting their people (Luba and Lunda respectively) from becoming minorities within their own land and from becoming the playthings of another foreign power, whether that be Germania, Washington or any other place. They are also both from prominent and wealthy local families, who have cooperated with the belgian colonizers for generations and have every personal incentive to resist foreign acquisition. As such their support is not primarily from the people, but from the oligarchs and the army. These are two significant advantages however: While other factions are scrambling to put together a military, a state, and to pay for it all, Katanga and her allies are able to fall back on the old colonial power structures, expanding the FP and leveraging oligarchical ties to slap together an army faster than their rivals. With the mix of audacious leadership, money and the Schramme loyalist mercenaries/formed FP officers the alliance may be able to snatch its independence despite the lack of international backing.
Map of regionalist victory, Azandeland acts as a placeholder for local authority (or lack thereof), Sud-Kasai is the Luba Empire. The immediate issue facing the regionalists will be export access: the states survival depends on the revenue from its extensive mining operations, and if that material cannot be exported it is worthless. For this Katanga must either negotiate a trade deal with the German remnants, or seek a detente with the self proclaimed frontline of liberation Zambia. Neither is eager to do this, but the world calls for what Katanga can provide, most of all Uranium. Eventually the market will win out, and one side will decide it is better to compromise principle than give the other an opportunity to gain access to the Katanga bounty.
IF VICTORIOUS the Regionalist Alliance will comprise an expanded State of Katanga, the Luba Empire, and a number of minor eastern powers propped up by Katanga. For the Luba and the Eastern chiefs the question of post war politics is an easy one: tribal traditionalism shall prevail as Albert Kalonji names himself king and the local chiefs are either bribed or threatened into compliance with the new order. While some may make efforts to modernize and advance their domains it will only be done under the watchful and occasionally helpful eye of Katanga. The only question remaining is who will be in control of Katanga itself. Jean Schramme is not a reasonable man, or at least not a moderate one: if he feels that he and the Belgians are not granted their proper place he may well try to overthrow Moïse Tshombe and install himself as the leader of the new state. The natives are less than satisfied as well: though free of foreign control it is clear to them that the old order is no longer acceptable: the people who fought and won the war for independence demand that their sacrifice be rewarded in some meaningful way. And most of all the question of race can no longer be papered over: The Belgians and Europeans remain on top, the migrants have been savaged, and the land and jobs available are not enough to satisfy them all.
To reconcile these internal difficulties a conference shall be held between the Belgian leadership of the army and company's one on hand, and the native oligarchs and officers on the other to see if a viable solution can be worked out. On the Belgian side the question is that of security and property: they wish to maintain the full roster of legal rights granted to them by belgian law, to keep their property and company concessions, and for a Belgian “veto” in the national government to ensure that Belgian rights are not trampled by some future populist government. On the CONAKAT side is a desire to renegotiate the terms of the “social contract”: to ensure a majority native voice in government which cannot be overruled by Belgian privilege, greater native ownership of property and the full abolition of any legal barriers to their advancement. However both sides are united in seeking stability and in their distrust of the congolese “masses”. Those masses are not without a voice themselves: through labor unions, dissident political parties and new officer associations the experience of warfare has made the people politically aware. If the result of the conference does not give some bones to the people it may find that its support is far too narrow to be stable.
Union Minière, once the undisputed master of the Katanga economy, has declined somewhat under German overlordship. With a majority of its shares owned by the Belgian state and its former leadership fleeing to America after the end of the war its foundations were shaky. When Krogmann began the great sell off and rescinded the Belgian Congo’s autonomy the company found itself in yet more hot water. Transitioning to a locally owned company within Zentralafrika itself the Union has been forced to cut back on its paternalistic spending to make ends meet. Beyond the typical demands for labor rights and wage increases the Kantaga people also wish for a return to the housing, education and social protection once afforded by the leviathan. With its place in Katanga once again secure this may just be possible.
A successful conference will be one of compromise. For the people a number of social protections and laws will be promised: greater state funding to education, hospitals, and housing will be promised, along with a hike in wages. In order to afford this the belgians will need to accept their privileged economic position comes with a responsibility to fund the state which protects it: though direct taxes may be a bridge too far a system of expected “gifts” and an expansion of the old paternalism into state guided policy may work out. In return for their material contributions the Belgians will receive legal autonomy, organizing their own political parties and keeping their land. The native oligarchs meanwhile would take the national stage, being granted privileged places within the Katanga economy as well as using CONAKAT as their vehicle for political dominance. Concessions and compromises such as these require that all parties trust the other to keep up their end of the bargain, and not simply alter the deal when they feel they are able. And in the aftermath of a brutal civil war and a political culture of corruption such trust is very hard to come by. But if these difficulties are overcome, and Jean Schramme is kept mollified, the new State of Katanga will be ruled as a collaborative oligarchy, keeping real representation out of the hands of the people and wealth in the hands of a few, but also a relatively stable and moderate government which is willing to compromise when need be. Unless it is a question of distrusted ethnic groups attempting to secede from the state or restart Congolese unification, in which case the Katanga Gendarmerie will be the only answer given.
But what if this conference does not succeed? What if the protests outside become too large, or the sides are too inflexible, or if Jean Schramme believes the rights of Belgians are being sold too cheaply? Then the Rule of Fire will come back and those with the force to crush their opposition will prevail. And in Katanga that can only mean one thing: Schramme and his allies will stage a coup, placing themselves in charge once again as an emergency government. Those unwilling to ally with him will be dismissed, replaced with those who are. The new mission of the state is the protection of “Belgian civilization” in Katanga, with Schramme attempting to revive the old trinity of Church, State and Company under his guiding hand. He never truly wanted to be in this position: he would much rather simply go back to his plantation and be master of his own little world. But he belives that his new homeland calls out for leadership and guts it seems only he can provide, and so he will seek to lead it into the future he envisions. One where the Congo natives are grateful and subservient to their betters, where all the structures of the trinity are led by Europeans to the benefit of all. Of course most of the natives have very different ideas about what the future should look like, and so Schremma’s Katanga will immediately be thrown into a bush war as the old civil war factions reform as guerrilla movements seeking to topple his dictatorship. The profits of Katanga are vast, especially if one is willing to sell uranium to anyone willing to buy, but how long will money and determination be able to hold against the will of the people?
At a stretch the white population of Katanga is 100,000, while the total african population is somewhere north of 1.5 million. This is before one considers the increasing populations of the Luba Empire and the eternal frontier of the Eastern Congo. And then there is the highly likely presence of hostile regimes on the borders: all the money in the world cannot win Schramme this Bush War, and he will either need to swallow his pride and accept democratization for the natives or accept the return of the Reich as suzerain. And even that may not be enough to avoid the rage of a people betrayed.
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2023.05.15 11:23 egnirceravog Listado con unos 500 libros, mayormente anglos/usanos, anti-estado, anti-rojos, anti-guerra, si no sabéis qué leer

Title Author ISBN
In Defense of Deflation Bagus, Philipp 3-319-13427-2
Dollar Meltdown, The Goyette, Charles 1-59184-370-7
Red and Blue and Broke All Over Goyette, Charles 1-59523-082-3
Dear Reader Malice, Michael 1-49528-325-9
Crimes of the Educators "Blumenfeld, Samuel Newman, Alex"
Theory of Money and Credit, The von Mises, Ludwig 1-933550-55-4
Man, Economy, and State with Power and Market - Scholars Edition Rothbard, Murray Newton 1-933550-27-9
Battlefield America Whitehead, John W. 1-59079-309-9
A Government of Wolves "Whitehead, John W. Hentoff, Nat"
Anarchy and Legal Order Chartier, Gary 1-10766-161-7
Animals and Their Moral Standing Clark, Stephen R. L. 0-415-13560-5
Radicalizing Rawls Chartier, Gary 1-13738-290-2
Leftism von Kuehnelt-Leddihn, Erik R.
After Liberalism: Mass Democracy in the Managerial State Gottfried, Paul Edward 1-40082-289-0
Leo Strauss and the Conservative Movement in America Gottfried, Paul E. 1-10767-571-5
Benevolent Nature of Capitalism and Other Essays, The Reisman, George
Capitalism Reisman, George 0-915463-73-3
Miracle Morning, The Elrod, Hal 0-9790197-1-0
Nullification Woods, Jr., Thomas E. 1-59698-149-0
Popular Economics Tamny, John 1-62157-337-0
After War Coyne, Christopher 0-8047-5440-3
Doing Bad by Doing Good Coyne, Christopher 0-8047-7228-2
Less Doing, More Living Meisel, Ari 0-399-16852-4
33 Questions About American History You're Not Supposed to Ask Woods, Jr, Thomas E. 0-307-34669-2
Money, Sound and Unsound Salerno, Joseph T. . 1-933550-93-7
Entrepreneurial Economics Tabarrok, Alexander 0-19-514503-8
Voluntary City, The "Beito, David T. Gordon, Peter
Changing the Guard Tabarrok, Alexander 0-945999-87-9
Against Intellectual Property Kinsella, N. Stephan 1-47922-112-0
Politically Incorrect Guide To The Constitution Gutzman, Kevin 1-59698-618-2
Virginia's American Revolution Gutzman, Kevin R. C. 0-7391-2132-4
Lessons for the Young Economist 1-61016-410-5
Chaos Theory Murphy, Robert P.
Politically Incorrect Guide to Capitalism, The Murphy, Robert P. 1-59698-504-6
Politically Incorrect Guide to the Great Depression and the New Deal, The Murphy, Robert 1-59698-096-6
A Corrected Economic Republic "MS, Adam Dominic Vass Gal Gal, Adam Vass"
Generational Poverty. An Economic Look at the Culture of the Poor Gal, Adam D. Vass 978-1-62273-018-6
Gun Control in the Third Reich Halbrook, Stephen P. 1-59813-162-1
Founders' Second Amendment, The Halbrook, Stephen P. 1-56663-971-9
Break, The Gabb, Sean 978-1-29188-468-5
End of Socialism, The Otteson, James 1-31606-075-6
What Adam Smith Knew Otteson, James 1-59403-761-2
Be the Solution "Strong, Michael Mackey, John"
Economics in One Lesson Hazlitt, Henry 0-517-54823-2
Catholic Social Teaching and the Market Economy "Booth, Philip E. Gregg, Samuel"
Capitalism and the Historians Hayek, F. A. 0-226-32072-3
Beyond Democracy "Karsten, Frank Beckman, Karel"
Progressivism Ostrowski, MR James 0-9749253-8-1
Real Dissent Woods, Jr., Thomas E. 1-50084-476-4
Politically Incorrect Guide To American History, The Woods, Jr., Thomas E. 0-89526-047-6
A Concise History of the Russian Revolution Pipes, Richard 0-679-42277-3
Atlas Shrugged Rand, Ayn 0-452-01187-6
Fountainhead, The Rand, Ayn 0-452-27333-1
We the Living "Rand, Ayn Peikoff, Leonard"
Anthem Rand, Ayn 1-43444-089-3
Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal Rand, Ayn 0-451-14795-2
For the New Intellectual Rand, Ayn 0-451-16308-7
Betrayal of the American Right, The "Rothbard, Murray Newton Woods, Jr, Thomas E."
Fair DUI Redlich, Warren 0-615-83278-4
Rollback Woods, Jr., Thomas E. 1-59698-141-5
Sober Truth, The "Dodes, Lance M. Dodes, Zachary"
Breaking Addiction Dodes, Lance M. 0-06-198739-5
Overreach MacDonald, Michael 0-674-72910-2
What's the Big Deal About Bitcoin? Patterson, Steve 1-50543-108-5
Financial Fiasco Norberg, Johan 1-937184-41-2
In Defense of Global Capitalism "Norberg, Johan Institute, Cato"
Libertarian Anarchy Casey, Gerard 1-44110-338-4
Anarchy, State, and Utopia Nozick, Robert 0-465-05100-6
Crash Proof 2.0 "Schiff, Peter D. Downes, John"
How an Economy Grows and Why It Crashes "Schiff, Peter D. Schiff, Andrew J."
Little Book of Bull Moves, Updated and Expanded, The Schiff, Peter D. 0-470-64399-4
Real Crash (Fully Revised and Updated), The Schiff, Peter D. 1-25004-656-4
In Defense of the Corporation Hessen, Robert 0-8179-7072-X
No Treason Spooner, Lysander 1-938357-00-0
A Renegade History of the United States Russell, Thaddeus 1-41657-613-4
Selfish Reasons to Have More Kids Caplan, Bryan 0-465-02861-6
Myth of the Rational Voter, The Caplan, Bryan 0-691-13873-7
Colonization After Emancipation "Magness, Phillip W. Page, Sebastian N."
Capital in the Twenty-First Century Piketty, Thomas 0-674-43000-X
Privatization of Roads and Highways, The Block, Walter 0-7734-5841-7
Education and the State West, E. G. 0-86597-135-8
Education, Free & Compulsory Rothbard, Murray Newton 0-945466-22-6
Revolution, The Paul, Ron 0-446-53752-7
Tuttle Twins Learn About The Law, The Boyack, Connor 0-9892912-2-7
Tuttle Twins and the Miraculous Pencil, The "Boyack, Connor Stanfield, Elijah"
Tariffs, Blockades, and Inflation "Thornton, Mark Ekelund, Robert Burton"
School Revolution, The Paul, Ron 1-45557-717-0
Greatest Emancipations Powell, Jim 0-230-60592-3
Latter-Day Liberty Boyack, Connor 1-59955-934-X
Latter-Day Responsibility Boyack, Connor 1-46211-092-4
Great Deformation, The Stockman, David Alan 1-58648-913-5
Advanced Introduction to the Austrian School of Economics Holcombe, Randall G. 1-78195-574-3
Wastrels of Defense, The Wheeler, Winslow 1-61251-560-6
Moral Case for Fossil Fuels, The Epstein, Alex 1-59184-744-3
Forgotten Depression, The Grant, James 1-45168-645-5
FDR Goes to War "Folsom, Burton W. Folsom, Anita"
Crazy Is a Compliment Rottenberg, Linda 1-59184-664-1
Black Maverick "Beito, David T. Beito, Linda Royster"
How Capitalism Saved America DiLorenzo, Thomas J. 1-40008-331-1
Last Superstition, The Feser, Edward 1-58731-452-5
Human Scale Sale, Kirkpatrick 1-897408-06-4
Imperial Hubris Scheuer, Michael 1-59797-159-6
Osama Bin Laden Scheuer, Michael 0-19-973866-1
Forgotten Man, The Shlaes, Amity 0-06-093642-8
Coolidge Shlaes, Amity 0-06-196759-9
Citizen Journalist's Photography Handbook, The Miller, Carlos 1-28585-902-2
Problem of Political Authority, The Huemer, Michael 1-13728-165-0
John Stuart Mill and the Religion of Humanity Raeder, Linda C. 0-8262-1387-1
Beautiful Tree, The Tooley, James 1-939709-12-1
Bourgeois Virtues, The McCloskey, Deirdre N. 0-226-55664-6
Bourgeois Dignity McCloskey, Deirdre N. 0-226-55674-3
One Hundred Dollar Startup Guillebeau, Chris 0-307-95152-9
Make It Stick "Brown, Peter C. Roediger, Henry L.
Set Money Free: What Every American Needs To Know About The Federal Reserve "Rossini, Chris Paul, Ron"
Politics on a Human Scale Taylor, Jeff 0-7391-8674-4
Small House Book, The Shafer, Jay 1-60743-564-0
Curmudgeon's Guide to Getting Ahead, The Murray, Charles 0-8041-4144-4
Fragile by Design "Calomiris, Charles W. Haber, Stephen H."
Western Front, The Tooley, Hunt 0-333-65063-8
Crisis and Leviathan Higgs, Robert J. 0-19-505900-X
War for Righteousness, The Gamble, Richard O. 1-932236-16-3
Organized Crime DiLorenzo, Thomas J. 1-61016-256-0
Unstoppable Nader, Ralph 1-56858-454-7
Christian Faith and Social Justice: Five Views McCracken, Vic 1-62356-818-8
Homer Economicus Hall, Joshua 0-8047-9182-1
Greatest Comeback, The Buchanan, Patrick J. 0-553-41863-7
Self-Pay Patient, The Parnell, Sean 0-9912094-0-0
Anarchy Unbound Leeson, Peter T. 1-10762-970-5
Forgotten Conservatives in American Hist "McClanahan, Brion Wilson, Clyde N."
Rules for Patriots Deace, Steve 1-61868-990-8
Faith and Liberty Chafuen, Alejandro Antonio 0-7391-0541-8
Reclaiming the American Right Raimondo, Justin 1-933859-60-1
An Enemy of the State Raimondo, Justin 1-57392-809-7
More Guns, Less Crime Lott, John R. 0-226-49366-0
How to Argue with a Liberal and Win McDurmon, Joel 0-9840641-9-2
Restoring America One County at a Time McDurmon, Dr. Joel 978-1-936577-20-0
Attack the System Preston, Keith 0-9927365-0-1
Uncle Sam Can't Count "Jr., Jr., Burton W. Folsom Folsom, Anita"
Bastiat's 'The Law' Bastiat, Frédéric 0-255-36509-8
Conscience of an Anarchist, The 1-935942-02-6
"Churchill, Hitler, and ""the Unnecessary War""" Buchanan, Patrick J. 0-307-40516-8
Get a Job, Build a Real Career and Defy a Bewildering Economy Smith, Charles Hugh 1-49753-340-6
Smaller Faster Lighter Denser Cheaper Bryce, Robert 1-61039-205-1
To Serve and Protect Benson, Bruce L. 0-8147-1327-0
Don't Hurt People and Don't Take Their Stuff Kibbe, Matt 0-06-230825-4
Once and Future King, The Buckley, F. H. 1-59403-719-1
Healing Our World in an Age of Aggression Ruwart, Mary J. 0-9632336-6-1
Most Dangerous Superstition, The Rose, Larken 1-45075-063-X
Manufactured Crisis Porter, Gareth 1-935982-33-8
Out of Poverty Powell, Benjamin 1-10702-990-2
Folks, This Ain't Normal Salatin, Joel 0-89296-820-6
Everything I Want to Do Is Illegal Salatin, Joel 0-9638109-5-2
Passion of Bradley Manning: The Story Behind the Wikileaks Whistleblower, The Madar, Chase 1-78168-069-8
Foundations of Economics Ritenour, Shawn 1-55635-724-9
Whatever Happened to Penny Candy? Maybury, Rick 0-942617-62-2
Bye Bye, Miss American Empire: Neighborhood Patriots, Backcountry Rebels, and Their Underdog Crusades to Redraw America's Political Map Kauffman, Bill 978-1-933392-80-6
Theodore and Woodrow Napolitano, Andrew P. 1-59555-351-7
Recarving Rushmore Eland, Ivan 1-59813-022-6
Up from the Projects Williams, Walter Edward 0-8179-1255-X
Race & Economics Williams, Walter E. 0-8179-1246-0
Calorie Myth, The Bailor, Jonathan 0-06-226733-7
Separating School & State Richman, Sheldon L. 0-9640447-2-2
American Raj Margolis, Eric S. 1-55470-087-6
Our Last Hope: Rediscovering the Lost Path to Liberty Maharrey, Michael 978-0-615-70987-1
From Mutual Aid to the Welfare State Beito, David T. 0-8078-4841-7
Liberty in Eclipse Grigg, William Norman 0-9799859-0-0
American Cicero Birzer, Bradley J. 1-933859-89-X
Not So Wild, Wild West, The "Anderson, Terry Lee Hill, Peter Jensen"
Hamilton's Curse DiLorenzo, Thomas 0-307-38285-0
Paleo Solution, The Wolf, Robb 0-9825658-4-4
Crony Capitalism in America Lewis, Hunter 0-9887267-2-6
Defending the Undefendable Block, Walter 1-933550-17-1
Evangelpreneur Tolley, Josh 1-940363-77-2
Quit Your Job Or Die Tolley, Joshua 1-60910-172-3
Disinherited "Furchtgott-Roth, Diana Meyer, Jared"
Essential Rothbard, The 1-933550-10-4
Rational Optimist, The Ridley, Matt 0-06-145206-8
Anti-Capitalistic Mentality, The Von Mises, Ludwig 1-46793-483-6
Myth of the Robber Barons, The Folsom, Burton W. 0-9630203-1-5
Libertarianism Today Huebert, Jacob H. 0-313-37754-5
A History of Money and Banking in the United States Rothbard, Murray N. 0-945466-33-1
Virtue of Selfishness, The Rand, Ayn 1-10113-722-3
How You Can Profit from the Coming Devaluation Browne, Harry 0-9852539-0-8
Market for Liberty, The "Tannehill, Morris Tannehill, Linda"
Economics of Prohibition, The Thornton, Mark 1-61016-465-2
Quotable Mises, The Thornton, Mark 0-945466-45-5
War! What Is It Good For? Morris, Ian 1-25006-250-0
Poetry Night at the Ballpark and Other Scenes from an Alternative America Kauffman, Bill 1-62564-842-1
Forgotten Founder, Drunken Prophet "Kauffman, Bill Miller, Melanie Randolph"
Ain't My America Kauffman, Bill 0-8050-8244-1
Private Governance Stringham, Edward Peter 0-19-936516-4
American Contempt for Liberty Williams, Walter E. 0-8179-1875-2
Up from the Projects: An Autobiography Williams, Walter E. (Walter Edward) 978-0-8179-1255-0
State Against Blacks, The Williams, Walter Edward 0-07-070378-7
Righteous Mind, The Haidt, Jonathan 0-307-45577-7
How to Win Friends and Influence People Carnegie, Dale 0-671-02703-4
Fair Trade Fraud, The Bovard, James 0-312-06193-5
Alexander Hamilton Chernow, Ron 0-14-303475-8
Democracy--The God That Failed: The Economics and Politics of Monarchy, Democracy, and Natural Order Hoppe, Hans-Hermann 978-0-7658-0868-4
Ron Paul's REVOLution Doherty, Brian 0-06-211479-4
Swords Into Plowshares Paul, Ron 0-9964265-0-7
Vampire Economy, The Reimann, Günter 1-61016-310-9
Choice Murphy, Robert P. 1-59813-218-0
Ron Paul Vs. Paul Krugman Hammond, Jeremy R. 1-47007-072-3
Econospinning Epstein, Gene 0-471-73513-2
Economic Controversies Rothbard, Murray N. 1-933550-96-1
Roll, Jordan, Roll Genovese, Eugene D. 0-394-71652-3
Southern Tradition, The Genovese, Eugene D. 0-674-82527-6
Caesar and the Lamb Kalantzis, George 1-60899-253-5
Production of Security, The Molinari, Gustave 1-61016-357-5
Roosevelt Myth, The Flynn, John Thomas 1-62129-009-3
Foundations of the Market Price System 1-61016-285-4
Man, Economy, and State, Scholar's Edition Rothbard, Murray N. 1-933550-99-6
Legally Kidnapped: The Case Against Child Protective Services Morales, Carlos 978-1-51160-720-9
Fascism Versus Capitalism Rockwell, Jr., Llewellyn H. 1-61016-627-2
Against the State Rockwell, Llewellyn H. 0-9904631-0-9
Mystery of Banking, The 1-61016-384-2
Nearly Free University and the Emerging Economy, The "Smith, Charles Hugh Gallmeier, Mark A."
Excuse Me, Professor Reed, Lawrence 1-62157-466-0
That Which Is Seen and That Which Is Not Seen Bastiat, M. Frederic 1-62730-040-6
Bastiat Collection, The Bastiat, Frédéric 1-933550-07-4
Taming American Power Walt, Stephen M. 0-393-32919-4
Israel Lobby and US Foreign Policy, The "Mearsheimer, John J Walt, Stephen M"
Says Law and the Keynesian Revolution: How Macroeconomic Theory Lost Its Way Kates, Steven 978-1-84844-826-1
Economics and Ethics of Private Property 1-61016-468-7
Conservative Heroes Tucker, Garland S. 1-61017-136-5
Hypocrites & Half-Wits Boudreaux, Donald J. 0-9839687-0-5
Common Ground Without Compromise Wagner, Stephen 1-930836-19-8
Street Smarts Rogers, Jim 0-307-98607-1
A Bull in China Rogers, Jim 0-8129-7748-3
Hot Commodities Rogers, Jim 0-8129-7371-2
A Gift to My Children Rogers, Jim 1-40006-754-5
Are You a David? Mack, Richard I. 0-9848856-1-7
County Sheriff, The Mack, Richard I.
New Jacobinism, The Ryn, Claes G. 0-932783-04-X
A Desperate Man Ryn, Claes G. 0-9887508-0-5
Queen of Chaos Johnstone, Diana 0-9897637-6-5
Losing Ground Murray, Charles 0-465-06588-0
A Theory of Justice Rawls, John 0-674-00077-3
Politics of War, The Karp, Walter 1-879957-55-8
Russian Origins of the First World War, The McMeekin, Sean 0-674-07233-2
Modern Times Revised Edition Johnson, Paul 0-06-093550-2
Great Wars and Great Leaders Raico, Ralph 1-47838-547-2
United Nations Exposed, The "Jasper, William F. Benoit, Gary
Global Tyranny- Step by Step Jasper, William F. 0-88279-135-4
Quest for Community, The Nisbet, Robert 1-935191-50-0
Left, The Right and The State, The 1-61016-326-5
Austrian Theory of the Trade Cycle and Other Essays "von Mises, Ludwig Rothbard, Murray N.
J. R. R. Tolkien's Sanctifying Myth Birzer, Bradley J. 1-932236-20-1
Wealth, Poverty, and Politics Sowell, Thomas 0-465-08293-9
Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse Woods, Jr., Thomas E. 1-59698-587-9
Creature from Jekyll Island, The Griffin, G. Edward 0-912986-45-X
Feardom: How Politicians Exploit Your Emotions and What You Can Do to Stop Them Boyack, Connor 0-9892912-6-X
Neil Peart Birzer, Bradley J. 1-61475-354-7
Kissinger's Shadow Grandin, Greg 1-62779-449-2
How I Found Freedom in an Unfree World Browne, Harry 0-9656036-7-9
Dark Net, The Bartlett, Jamie 1-61219-489-3
What You Should Know About Inflation Hazlitt, Henry 1-61016-281-1
Healing Our World Ruwart, Mary J. 0-9632336-7-X
Economic Laws of Scientific Research, The Kealey, Terence 0-312-17306-7
Evolution of Everything, The Ridley, Matt 0-06-229602-7
Three Minute Therapy "Edelstein, Michael R. Steele, David Ramsay"
Therapy Breakthrough "Edelstein, Michael Kujoth, Richard
Stage Fright Berry, Mick 1-884365-51-5
Rational Drinking: How to Live Happily With or Without Alcohol "Edelstein, Michael Ross, Will"
Where Do Conservatives and Liberals Come From? Mullen, Thomas 1-51767-941-9
On the Edge of Anarchy Simmons, A. John 0-691-60875-X
International Investment, Political Risk and Dispute Resolution "Rubins, Noah Kinsella, N. Stephan"
Water Capitalism "Block, Walter E. Nelson, Peter Lothian"
War and Delusion Calhoun, L. 1-13729-463-9
We Kill Because We Can Calhoun, Laurie 1-78360-548-0
Law, Legislation and Liberty, Volume 1 Hayek, F. A. 0-226-32086-3
Freedom and the Law Leoni, Bruno 0-86597-096-3
Confessions of a Greenpeace Dropout Moore, Patrick Albert 0-9864808-2-7
Gilligan Unbound Cantor, Paul A. 0-7425-0779-3
Invisible Hand in Popular Culture, The Cantor, Paul Arthur 0-8131-4082-X
Literature & the Economics of Liberty Cantor, Paul A. 1-933550-64-3
Hidden in Plain Sight Wallison, Peter J. 1-59403-770-1
Calculus of Consent, The "Buchanan, James M. Tullock, Gordon"
Limits of Liberty, The Buchanan, James M. 0-86597-226-5
Clientelism and Economic Reforms Trantidis, Aris 1-13810-140-0
Merchants of Despair Zubrin, Robert 1-59403-737-X
Case for Mars, The "Zubrin, Robert Wagner, Richard"
A Viennese Waltz Down Wall Street Skousen, Mark 1-62129-092-1
Investing in One Lesson Skousen, Mark 1-59698-522-4
Maxims of Wall Street, The Skousen, Mark 1-59698-298-5
Right-Wing Critics of American Conservatism Hawley, George 0-7006-2193-8
American Offensive, The Kerwick, Jack 1-941071-32-5
Why Not Capitalism? Brennan, Jason 0-415-73297-2
Too Dumb to Fail Lewis, Matt K. 0-316-38393-7
Rise and Fall of Classical Greece, The Ober, Josiah 0-691-14091-X
Scalia Dissents Scalia, Antonin 0-89526-053-0
Multiculturalism and the Politics of Guilt "Gottfried, Paul Edward Gottfried, Paul"
Strange Death of Marxism, The Gottfried, Paul 0-8262-1597-1
Privatization of Roads and Highways: Human and Economic Factors, The 1-61016-358-3
Rothbard Reader, The "Salerno, Joseph T. McCaffrey, Matthew"
Church Confronts Modernity, The Woods, Thomas E. 0-231-13186-0
Sacred Then and Sacred Now Woods, Thomas E. 0-9793540-2-1
How the Catholic Church Built Western Civilization Woods, Jr., Thomas 1-59698-328-0
Liberty Defined Paul, Ron 1-45550-144-1
End the Fed Paul, Ron 0-446-54919-3
Crusader, The Stanley, Timothy 0-312-58174-2
End of School: Reclaiming Education from the Classroom, The Slayback, Zachary T. 978-1-53046-254-4
Who Stole Feminism? Sommers, Christina Hoff 0-684-80156-6
War Against Boys, The Sommers, Christina Hoff 1-50112-542-7
Freedom Feminism Sommers, Christina Hoff 0-8447-7262-3
Kill Chain Cockburn, Andrew 0-8050-9926-3
Classified Woman Edmonds, Sibel 0-615-60222-3
Quotable Mises, The 1-61016-352-4
Economics and the Virtues "Baker, Jennifer A. White, Mark D."
Born For This Guillebeau, Chris 1-44729-752-0
Breaking Stalin's Nose Yelchin, Eugene 0-8050-9216-1
Bad History, Worse Policy Wallison, Peter J. 0-8447-7238-0
Andrew Carnegie Bostaph, Samuel 0-7391-8984-0
Big Israel Smith, Grant F. 0-9827757-1-7
Lost Mandate of Heaven, The Geoffrey Shaw, PhD 1-58617-935-7
Tyranny of Liberalism, The Kalb, James 1-933859-82-2
Against Inclusiveness Kalb, James 1-62138-040-8
Why Peace Guttman, Marc 978-0-9849802-0-8
America's Counter-Revolution: The Constitution Revisited Richman, Sheldon 978-0-692-68791-8
America's Great Depression Rothbard, Murray N. 978-1-60796-065-2
Rape Culture Hysteria: Fixing the Damage Done to Men and Women
Almanac of American Philanthropy, The Zinsmeister, Karl 0-9861474-5-1
Tyranny of the Politically Correct: Totalitarianism in the Postmodern Age, The Preston, Keith 978-1-910881-16-3
What Has Government Done to Our Money? Rothbard, Murray Newton 0-945466-44-7
Egalitarianism as a Revolt Against Nature, and Other Essays 1-61016-462-8
Economics and Ethics of Private Property, The Hoppe, Hans-Hermann 978-1-47912-750-4
Money, Bank Credit, and Economic Cycles de Soto, Jesús Huerta 1-933550-39-2
Left, The Right and The State, The 1-61016-326-5
"Primal Prescription: Surviving the ""Sick Care"" Sinkhole, The" "McGuff, Doug Murphy, Robert P.
Cuckservative: How Conservatives Betrayed America "Day, Vox Eagle, John Red"
On the Question of Free Trade: An Economics Discourse
Who Needs the Fed? Tamny, John 1-59403-831-7
Nature Unbound: Bureaucracy Vs. the Environment 978-1-59813-228-1
Target Switzerland Halbrook, Stephen P. 0-306-81325-4
Ordinary Men Browning, Christopher R. 0-06-019013-2
Gulag Archipelago 1918-1956, The Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr I. 0-06-000776-1
If You Can Keep It: Why We Nearly Lost It & How We Get It Back Koerner, Robin 978-1-941071-47-2
Resurrecting Marx Gordon, David 0-88738-878-7
Problem with Socialism, The DiLorenzo, Thomas 1-62157-589-6
SJWs Always Lie: Taking Down the Thought Police Day, Vox 978-952-706568-6
An Austrian Perspective on the History of Economic Thought Rothbard, Murray Newton 1-61016-477-6
Economic Thought Before Adam Smith Rothbard, Murray Newton 0-945466-48-X
Hillbilly Elegy Vance, J. D. 0-06-230054-7
Depression, War, and Cold War Higgs, Robert 1-59813-029-3
Military Spending and Industrial Decline DiFilippo, Anthony 0-313-25179-7
LAW, THE Frederic, Bastiat 978-1-933550-14-5
Impeachment of Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton: For High Crimes in Syria and Libya, The "Ostrowski, Michael Ostrowski, James"
How to Live on Mars Zubrin, Robert 0-307-40718-7
Seen, the Unseen, and the Unrealized, The Bylund, Per L. 0-7391-9457-7
Debunking Utopia: Exposing the Myth of Nordic Socialism Sanandaji, Nima 978-1-944229-39-9
Sanctifying the World Birzer, Bradley J. 0-931888-86-7
Blind Robbery!: How the Fed, Banks and Government Steal Our Money "Bagus, Philipp Marquart, Andreas"
A Spontaneous Order Rachels, Christopher Chase 1-51211-727-7
Ego & Hubris Pekar, Harvey 0-345-47939-4
Ex-Neocon (Journalist), Scott McConnell 1-62894-195-2
Libertarianism For Beginners Seavey, Todd 978-1-939994-66-0
Race & Economics Williams, Walter Edward 0-8179-1245-2
America First! Kauffman, Bill 1-63388-309-4
Education Without the State Tooley, James 0-255-36380-X
Inevitable, The Kelly, Kevin 0-525-42808-9
How Everything Became War and the Military Became Everything Brooks, Rosa 1-47677-786-1
Cultural Revolution, Culture War Gabb, Sean 0-9541032-2-X
Free Prices Now! Lewis, Hunter 0-9887267-0-X
Politics of Obedience: The Discourse of Voluntary Servitude, The 1-61016-365-6
Doyle Brunson's Super System Brunson, Doyle 1-58042-081-8
Theory of Poker, The Sklansky, David 1-880685-00-0
Speculator "Casey, Doug Hunt, John"
Selfishness, Greed and Capitalism Snowdon, Christopher 0-255-36677-9
Maps of Meaning Peterson, Jordan B. 0-415-92222-4
Everything That Remains: A Memoir by The Minimalists Millburn, Joshua Fields 978-1-938793-18-9
Minimalism: Live a Meaningful Life "Millburn, Joshua Fields Nicodemus, Ryan"
A Day in the Life of a Minimalist Millburn, Joshua Fields 1-938793-06-4
Essential: Essays by The Minimalists "Millburn, Joshua Fields Nicodemus, Ryan"
Unleash Your Inner Company Chisholm, John 1-62634-211-3
Life Under Compulsion Esolen, Anthony M. 1-61017-094-6
Politically Incorrect Guide to Western Civilization, The Esolen, Anthony 978-159698-0
Inferno "Alighieri, Dante Esolen, Anthony M."
Purgatory Alighieri, Dante 0-8129-7125-6
Paradise Alighieri, Dante 0-8129-7726-2
Private Governance: Creating Order in Economic and Social Life 978-0-19-936516-6
Founding Fathers Guide to the Constitution, The McClanahan, Brion 1-62157-053-3
9 Presidents Who Screwed Up America McClanahan, Brion 1-62157-375-3
Politically Incorrect Guide to the Founding Fathers, The McClanahan, Brion 1-59698-092-3
Who Killed the Constitution? "Woods, Jr., Thomas E. Gutzman, Kevin R. C."
Politically Incorrect Guide to the Constitution, The Gutzman, Kevin 1-59698-618-2
Crossroads for Liberty: Recovering the Anti-Federalist Values of America's First Constitution Watkins, William J. 978-1-59813-279-3
We Who Dared to Say No to War "Polner, Murray Woods, Thomas E."
Bad History, Worse Policy: How a False Narrative About the Financial Crisis Led to the Dodd-Frank Act Wallison, Peter J. 978-0-8447-7238-7
War Is a Racket Butler, Major General Smedley 0-9640119-3-X
Rise of Lifestyle Activism, The Sotirakopoulos, Nikos 1-13755-102-X
Come and Take It Wilson, Cody 1-47677-826-4
For Cause and Comrades McPherson, James M. 0-19-512499-5
Real Lincoln, The DiLorenzo, Thomas 0-307-55938-6
Fidel Fontova, Humberto 0-89526-043-3
Longest Romance: The Mainstream Media and Fidel Castro, The Fontova, Humberto 978-1-59403-667-5
Exposing the Real Che Guevara Fontova, Humberto 1-59523-052-1
Why Does Grandma Run Barefoot? Blodgett, Laura 1-54103-214-4
A Million Rocks: A Book of Almost Counting Words Blodgett, Laura 978-1-36684-149-0
Melody's Life Savings Blodgett, Laura 978-1-49751-262-7
Interventionism and Misery: 1929-2008 Kaiser, Axel
Death by HR: How Affirmative Action Cripples Organizations Kinnison, Jeb 978-0-9961833-4-5
Throwing Rocks at the Google Bus Rushkoff, Douglas 1-61723-017-0
Phishing for Phools "Akerlof, George A. Shiller, Robert J."
Debtors' Prison Kuttner, Robert 1-10191-052-6
Seven Bad Ideas: How Mainstream Economists Have Damaged America and the World Madrick, Jeff 978-0-307-96118-1
Foundations of Economics: A Christian View Ritenour, Shawn 978-1-55635-724-4
Mises Reader, The 978-1-61016-666-9
Economics Politics Sowell, Thomas 0-688-04832-3
Civil Rights Sowell, Thomas 0-688-06269-5
Knowledge And Decisions Sowell, Thomas 0-465-03738-0
Quest for Cosmic Justice, The Sowell, Thomas 0-684-86463-0
Vision of the Anointed, The Sowell, Thomas 0-465-08995-X
Basic Economics Sowell, Thomas 0-465-06073-0
Laughter Is Better Than Communism Heaton, Andrew 978-0-9896131-2-5
Square One Patterson, Steve 1-54040-278-9
Money, Greed, and God Richards, Jay W. 0-06-137561-6
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn: The Writer Who Changed History Caulfield, Margo 978-1-53016-085-3
No Campus for White Men Greer, Scott 1-944229-62-0
Winning Through Intimidation Ringer, Robert 1-62636-114-2
Million Dollar Habits Ringer, Robert 1-62636-398-6
Looking Out for #1 Ringer, Robert 1-62636-040-5
Ruling Class: How They Corrupted America and What We Can Do About It, The Codevilla, Angelo M. 978-0-8253-0558-0
Education Invasion, The Pullmann, Joy 1-59403-881-3
A Conflict of Visions Sowell, Thomas 0-465-00205-6
Victory for State Sovereignty, The
County Sheriff: America's Last Hope, The
Thomas Jefferson - Revolutionary Gutzman, Kevin R. C. 1-25001-080-2
James Madison and the Making of America Gutzman, Kevin R. C. 1-25002-319-X
True Flag, The Kinzer, Stephen 1-62779-216-3
Overthrow Kinzer, Stephen 0-8050-8240-9
All the Shah's Men Kinzer, Stephen 0-470-18549-X
Bureaucrat Kings, The Moreno, Paul D. 1-44083-966-2
Fascism Gottfried, Paul E. 0-87580-493-4
Conservatism in America Gottfried, Paul Edward 0-230-61479-5
Game of Thorns Wead, Doug 1-47892-142-0
Utopia Thomas More, Sir Saint 1-51209-338-6
Brave New World Huxley, Aldous 0-06-085052-3
Out of the Silent Planet Lewis, C. S. 0-7432-3490-1
Perelandra Lewis, C. S. 0-684-83365-4
That Hideous Strength Lewis, C. S. 0-684-83367-0
Animal Farm Orwell, George 0-451-52634-1
1984 Orwell, George 0-452-26293-3
Russell Kirk Birzer, Bradley J. 0-8131-6618-7
Three Felonies a Day Silverglate, Harvey 1-59403-522-9
Great War, The Tooley, Hunt 1-13747-126-3
Revisions and Dissents Gottfried, Paul E. 0-87580-762-3
Out of the Jungle Russell, Thaddeus 0-375-41157-7
Nixon's White House Wars Buchanan, Patrick J. 1-10190-284-1
Chasing the Scream Hari, Johann 1-62040-890-2
Never Split the Difference "Voss, Chris Raz, Tahl"
Harvest of Sorrow, The Conquest, Robert 0-19-505180-7
Prophets of War Hartung, William D. 1-45960-893-3
Trumped! Stockman, David Alan 1-62129-184-7
How Alexander Hamilton Screwed Up America McClanahan, Brion T. 1-62157-635-3
Seasteading "Quirk, Joe Friedman, Patri"
Political Pope, The Neumayr, George 1-45557-016-8
Stoicism and the Statehouse: An Old Philosophy Serving a New Idea McGeehan, Pat 978-0-9907386-1-9
Democracy in Chains MacLean, Nancy 1-10198-096-6
Democracy in Chains MacLean, Nancy 1-10198-096-6
Genoa's Freedom Salonia, Matteo 1-49853-421-X
Road Ahead, The Flynn, John Thomas
Genesis of the World War: An Introduction to the Problem of War Guilt, The Barnes, Harry Elmer 978-1-52851-038-7
Power & Market Rothbard, Murray Newton 1-47926-546-2
Planning for Freedom: Let the Market System Work von Mises, Ludwig 978-0-86597-661-0
New Science of Politics, The Voegelin, Eric 0-226-86114-7
Roosevelt Myth, The Flynn, John Thomas 1-61016-346-X
Mises Reader Unabridged, The Ritenour, Shawn 1-61016-670-1
Essential Rothbard, The Gordon, David M. 1-61016-458-X
We Meant Well Van Buren, Peter 0-8050-9681-7
Orwell Your Orwell Steele, David Ramsay 1-58731-610-2
State in the Third Millennium, The Hans-Adam, Prince 3-905881-04-7
Hooper's War Van Buren, Peter 1-941311-12-1
Fool's Errand: Time to End the War in Afghanistan Horton, Scott 978-1-54865-021-6
Bureaucracy von Mises, Ludwig
Protecting Foreign Investment Under International Law "Comeaux, Paul E. Kinsella, N. Stephan"
Great Fiction: Property, Economy, Society, and the Politics of Decline, The 1-62129-031-X
Economic Science and the Austrian Method 1-61016-478-4
Property, Freedom, and Society: Essays in Honor of Hans-Hermann Hoppe 1-61016-355-9
Economics and Ethics of Private Property: Studies in Political Economy and Philosophy, The 978-0-945466-40-6
Theory of Socialism and Capitalism, A 1-61016-321-4
Primal Blueprint, The Sisson, Mark 0-9822077-0-0
Politics of Hunger, The Vincent, Charles Paul 0-8214-0831-3
submitted by egnirceravog to Team_Liberal [link] [comments]

2023.05.08 14:00 bassparrotspider Grandin Road Discount Code for May 2023

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2023.05.07 09:33 diaboliquemagnetar Grandin Road Promo Code for May 2023

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2023.05.03 23:50 pathsofglorypure Grandin Road Coupon Codes in May 2023

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2023.04.17 02:53 jhnbsomerscz4gm Grandin Road Promo Code Reddit

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2023.04.04 23:12 sweet_pea_55 How Old is your neighbourhood? - Winnipeg

How Old is your neighbourhood? - Winnipeg
i think this stuff is cool.... i hope you do too!
I've made some maps representing the original construction year of the property parcel in the City of Winnipeg. I coloured it by decade of construction. The dates only go back to about 1900, so the data isn't totally complete, but complete enough to get an idea of how Winnipeg has expanded and when. Some properties have been rebuilt since the original house, but that's a different map.
Things i noticed are:- how Transcona was it's own little town 100yrs ago.- St James, Windsor Park and Ft Richmond expanded quickly in the 1960s.- The SW/SE end of Winnipeg has really grown since the 80s. i moved to fort garry in the early 80s and there was a little bit of lindenwoods and then nothing past Waverley.- the way neighborhoods went from traditional grid of roads, to the suburban maze- St Vital south of Bishop Grandin started in the 70s; St Vital Centre opened in 1979- The City neighborhoods joined with Winnipeg under the ' Unicity' project in 1972.- lots of homes built in 50s, 60s, 70s and 80s. Not much built in 90s.
...anyways, lots to explore. I hope you geek on it like i did.
These 10 streets have a combined 50 houses built in the 1800s. Might be worth a Sunday drive.
Alfred AveAlexander AveBannatyne AveElgin AveGrove StHarriet StMcDermot AvePacific AveWilliam AveYoung St
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2023.03.31 16:28 cheesesticksyogaegg Grandin Road Coupon Codes in April 2023

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2023.01.09 19:31 TopsDealsOnline 70% Off on Indoor Furniture, Wall Decor, Area Rugs, Gift Ideas, Holiday Decor Grandin Road

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